Be it misery or delight, disease or health, blessing or misfortune, we are told that there is Allah’s (Glory be to Him) Hikmah (wisdom) behind it because He is Al-Hakeem. It is one of the frequently occurred Names in the Qur’an. Let us learn more about this Name, than just a meaning.
Al-Hakeem occurred 94 times, Al-Hakam 114, and Al-Haakim 5 times. Derived from same the root word Ha-ka-ma, these three Names mean the following: to prevent or restrain from falsehood and ignorance, to be Wise, to put in order, to pass judgment, to judge, and pass a verdict. The difference between them is in the grammatical functions (noun/verb). It also means to put things in an appropriate place and time.
He (Glory be to Him) completed His Shar’iah with His ultimate knowledge and wisdom. He knows who is eligible for his kindness and favors. His commandments and judgments are with wisdom and equity. “Is not Allah the most just of judges?” (Surah At-Teen, 8)
His orders rule over all other false orders. Whatever hurdles and trials we face have wisdom behind them. Behind everything is a result and wisdom. Allah (Glory be to Him) mends affairs of everyone’s’ to His Order with hikmah (wisdom).
“To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Whether you show what is within yourselves or conceal it, Allah will bring you to account for it. Then He will forgive whom He wills and punish whom He wills, and Allah is over all things competent.” (Al-Baqarah, 284)
Two types of hikmah (wisdom) of Allah (Glory be to Him) that is apparent:
- Hikmah in His Creation:
Allah’s creation, big or small, was created in truth. He created a perfect structure to live their lives, He did not leave them helpless, and made their goals.
“We did not create them except in truth, but most of them do not know.” (Ad-Dukhan, 39)
Nothing is created in vain; the creation is created for which it is qualified. He (Praise be to Him) carries out the order of the world with His hikmah (wisdom).
“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” (Adh-Dhariyaat, 56)
He (Glory be to Him) created everything in the best stature, (At-Teen, 4), suited to their purpose. The birds have wings to fly; humans have fingers to perform multiple tasks, etc.
- Hikmah in His laws:
Allah (Glory be to Him) has revealed His shari’ah through His messengers (peace be upon them all) and His books revealed to them, and the hikmah (wisdom) behind the revelation is to let us know who The Creator is and how we must worship Him alone as He willed. Allah (Praise be to Him) called this Qur’an as “Hakeem” in Surah Ya-Sin: “By the Qur’an, full of wisdom,” meaning, Al-Muhkam (perfect) which falsehood cannot come to from before it or behind it. (Tafseer ibn Katheer)
“Alif, Lam, Ra. [This is] a Book whose verses are perfected and then presented in detail from [one who is] Wise and Acquainted.” (Surah Hud, 1)
Learning about such a beautiful Name surely fills the heart of believer full of Eemaan (faith) and much more:
- Believing that all of the Commandments revealed by Allah (Glory be to Him) have no participant in it. In addition, upon Him is the final judgment, makes a believer content.
“And he said, “O my sons, do not enter from one gate but enter from different gates; and I cannot avail you against [the decree of] Allah at all. The decision is only for Allah; upon Him I have relied, and upon Him let those who would rely [indeed] rely.” (Surah Yusuf, 67)
- These laws should be accepted whether we like it or not. However, for those who follow them there is honor and glory.
- Believing in Allah’s ultimate wisdom makes a believer thankful and he is patient when in affliction.
“And He is the subjugator (Al-Qaahir) over His servants. And He is the Wise, the Acquainted [with all].” (Surah Al-An’am, 18)
- Allah grants wisdom to whomever He wills.
“He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding.” (Surah Al-Baqarah, 262)
“And when Joseph reached maturity, We gave him judgment and knowledge. And thus We reward the doers of good.” (Surah Yusuf, 22)
Making right decisions at the right moments is also a part of hikmah (wisdom).
- The Prophets (peace be upon them all) were given wisdom and were commanded to call people with wisdom.
“Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best. Indeed, your Lord is most knowing of who has strayed from His way, and He is most knowing of who is [rightly] guided.” (Surah An-Nahl,125)
Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that Luqman al-Hakim made his will and counseled his son, saying, “My son! Sit with the learned men and keep close to them. Allah gives life to the hearts with the light of wisdom as Allah gives life to the dead earth with the abundant rain of the sky.” (Muwatta Malik: Book 59, Hadith 1859)