Sunan of Sleeping

sleep

There are various Sunan to be done before sleeping, many of which are forgotten or neglected, due to the fatigue felt at the end of a long day. Some, have invented replacements, and innovations have become the norm. However, the true Sunan are in place for our benefit; an opportunity to safeguard ourselves and earn Allah’s rewards and pleasure.

  • Perform Wudhu or ensure you are in a state of Wudhu

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When you go to bed, do wudhu as for prayer.” (Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

  • Dust off your bed:

Abu Hurayrah said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When one of you goes to his bed, let him dust off his bed with the inside of his lower garment, for he does not know what came onto it after he left it.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

  • Lie down on your right side:

It is reported that the Prophet used sleep on his right side, putting his right hand under his right cheek

  • Recite the various athkar: There are various athkaar which the prophet used to recite before sleeping. Learn what is easy for you, and do what you are able to,

 

Allaahumma bismika ahyaa wa amoot” (Bukhari)

O Allah, in Your name I live and die.

Allaahumma qini ‘adhaabaka yawma tab’ath ‘ibaadaka”

O Allah, protect me from Your punishment on the Day You resurrect Your slaves.

“Bismika Rabbee wada’tu janbi wa bika arfa’uhu wa in amsakta nafsi farhamhaa wa in arsaltahaa fahfazhaa bimaa tuhfaz bihi ‘ibaadika al-saaliheen” (Bukhari and Muslim)

In Your name, my Lord, I lie down, and in Your name I rise. If You should take my soul then have mercy on it, and if You should return my soul then protect it as You protect Your righteous slaves.

Al-hamdu Lillaah alladhi at’amanaa wa saqaanaa wa kafaanaa wa aawanaa fakam mimman laa kaafi lahu wa laa mu’wi” (Muslim)

All praise is for Allah, Who fed us and gave us to drink, and Who is sufficient for us and has sheltered us, for how many have none to suffice them or shelter them.

 “Allaahumma Rabb al-samawaati wa’l-ard wa Rabb al-‘arsh il-‘azeem, Rabbaanaa wa Rabba kulli shay’in, Faaliq al-habb wa’l-nawa wa munzil al-Tawraati wa’l-Injeeli wa’l-Furqaan, a’oodhu bika min sharri kulli shay’in anta aakhidhun bi naasiyatihi. Allaahumma anta al-awwal fa laysa qablaka shay’un, wa anta al-aakhir fa laysa ba’daka shay’un, wa anta al-zaahir fa laysa fawqaka shay’un wa anta al-baatin fa laysa doonaka shay’un. Iqdi ‘annaa al-dayna wa aghninaa min al-faqri” (Muslim)

O Allah, Lord of the seven heavens and the exalted Throne, our Lord and Lord of all things, splitter of the seed and the date-stone, Revealer of the Tawraat and the Injeel and the Furqaan [Qur’aan], I seek refuge in You from the evil of all things You shall seize by the forelock [have total mastery over]. O Allah, You are the First so there is nothing before You, and You are the Last so there is nothing after You. You are al-Zaahir [the greatest and highest] so there is nothing above You, and You are al-Baatin [aware of the subtlest secrets] so there is nothing closer than You. Settle our debt for us and spare us from poverty.

  • Reciting Tasbeeh, Tahmeed and Takbeer:

Ali ibn Abi Talib said that Fatimah came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and asked him for a servant. He said, “Shall I not tell you of something that is better for you than that? When you go to sleep, say ‘Subhaan Allaah’ thirty-three times, ‘Alhamdu Lillah’ thirty-three times, and ‘Allaahu akbar’ thirty four times.” (Bukhari)

  • Reciting Ayat Al-Kursi:

Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allah appointed me to guard the zakaah of Ramadaan, then someone came and started rummaging in the foodstuff … and at the end of the hadeeth he said: “When you go to your bed, recite Ayat al-Kursi, for there will remain with you a guardian from Allah, and no devil will approach you, until morning comes.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “He told you the truth although he is a liar. That was a devil.” (Bukhari)

  • Reciting the last the chapters of the Quran:

It was narrated from A’ishah that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) went to bed every night, he would hold his hands together and blow into them, and recite into them Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad, Qul a’oodhu bi rabb il-falaq and Qul a’oodhu bi rabb il-naas. Then he would wipe them over whatever he could of his body, starting with his head and face and the front of his body, and he would do that three times. (Bukhari)

  • Reciting Surah Kaafiroon:

It was narrated that Nawfal al-Ashja’i said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said to me: “Recite Qul yaa ayyuha’l-kaafiroon then go to sleep at the end of it, for it is a disavowal of shirk.” (Abu Dawood and Tirmidhi; classed as Hasan by Ibn Hajar and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood)

  • Reciting the last two verses of Surah Baqarah:

Abu Mas’ood al-Ansari said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever recites the last two verses of Surat-al-Baqarah at night, they will suffice him.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn al-Qayyim said: They will suffice him against any evil that may harm him.

  • Reciting Surah Israa and Surah Zumar:

It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) would not go to sleep until he had recited Bani Israa’eel (Surat-ul-Isra) and Az-Zumar.”

(Tirmidhi said: it is a hasan hadeeth. Also classed as hasan by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in Nataa’ij al-Afkaar, and it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi)

  • Reciting Surah Sajdah, Surah Mulk and Surah Insan:

Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is a surah in the Qur’an, with thirty verses, which will intercede for its companion [the one who recites it] until he is forgiven: “Tabaarak allaadhi bi yadihi’l-mulk (Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion)” [Mulk, Surah 67] (Ibn Majah, Abu Dawud and Tirmidh, Hasan)

Abdullah ibn Mas’ood said: Whoever reads Tabaarak allaahi bi yadihi’l-mulk [i.e., Soorat al-Mulk] every night, Allah will protect him from the torment of the grave. At the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) we used to call it al-maani’ah (that which protects). In the Book of Allah it is a soorah which, whoever recites it every night has done very well.” (An-Nasa’i; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb)

Jaabir narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not sleep until he had recited “Alif‑Laam‑Meem. The revelation…” [Sajdah 32] and “Has there not been over man a period of time…” [al-Insaan 76] (Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi)

Following the Prophetic Sunnah will turn this act of necessity (i.e. sleeping) into an act of ‘ibadah thereby maximising the benefits of sleeping. The athkaar and duaas will prevent the Shaytaan from affecting you in your sleep. And should Allah take you in your sleep, you would have made your last a deed something which is pleasing to Allah.

It seems a long and daunting list of things to do when sleep hangs in your eyes…but turn it into a family night time routine for encouragement and do what you are capable of doing. For Allah will never burden a person beyond his scope.

May Allah help us to follow the Sunnah to the best of our abilities.

Al-Warith

“And indeed, it is We who give life and cause death, and We are the Inheritor.” (Surah al-Hijr: 23)

The Name “Al-Warith” occurred three times in the Qur’an; all in the plural form. Linguistically, “Al-Warith” means an heir, inheritor, owner, sustainer, and survivor. The general usage of the word “inheritor” means a person who receives estate of another after death which legally wasn’t in his/her. How is Allah “the Inheritor”?

Allah “Al-Warith” is the Only One who remains after everything perishes in the heavens and the earth. He is the Successor who has/had no predecessor.  He is, and has always been, the Owner of Everything which He bequeaths.  When He blesses us with life and sustenance, we return to Him leaving both (death). Allah (Glory be to Him) is the best Inheritor.

  • Allah (Praise be to Him) inherits from His bounties to whomever He wills and to whomever He loves:

“Moses said to his people, “Seek help through Allah and be patient. Indeed, the earth belongs to Allah. He causes to inherit it whom He wills of His servants. And the [best] outcome is for the righteous.” (Surah al-A’raaf: 128)

  • He (Glory be to Him) makes His true believers inheritors over the disbelievers in this life and the hereafter:

“And He caused you to inherit their land and their homes and their properties and a land which you have not trodden. And ever is Allah, over all things, competent.” (Surah al-Ahzab: 27)

  • He (Glory be to Him) chose amongst them inheritors of His Books though we have differences in levels, conditions, etc., but everyone got their part of the Books’ inheritance:

“Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chosen of Our servants; and among them is he who wrongs himself, and among them is he who is moderate, and among them is he who is foremost in good deeds by permission of Allah. That [inheritance] is what is the great bounty.” (Surah Fatir: 32)

Dear readers, let’s talk about inheritance of money about which Allah (Praise be to Him) says: “Your wealth and your children are but a trial…” (Surah at-Taghabun: 15)

Allah “Al-Warith” inspires the believers to spend his/her wealth in the cause of Allah (Glory be to Him) granted to you and made you His representatives:

“Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made you successors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward.”  (Surah al-Hadid: 8)

Prophet Zakariyyah (may peace be upon him) asked Allah (Praise be to Him) for an heir when his wife was barren, and the result of his sincerity was as follows in the aayah:

“And [mention] Zakariyyah, when he called to his Lord, “My Lord, do not leave me alone [with no heir], while you are the best of inheritors.” So We responded to him, and We gave to him Yahya (John), and amended for him his wife. Indeed, they used to hasten to good deeds and supplicate Us in hope and fear, and they were to Us humbly submissive.”

It should also be noted that Prophets (peace be upon them all) never supplicated an heir for wealth but rather for inheritors of knowledge and Da’wah (calling towards Allah). Allah “Al-Warith” is the only One who makes us the successor and the predecessor of each other.

We also need to beware of the consequence of heedlessness towards what has been temporarily inherited to us because He (Glory Be to Him) says:

“And how many a city have We destroyed that was insolent in its [way of] living, and those are their dwellings which have not been inhabited after them except briefly. And it is We who were the inheritors.” (Surah al-Qasas: 58)

“Indeed, it is We who will inherit the earth and whoever is on it, and to Us they will be returned.” (Surah Mariam: 40)

In the above aayah, Allah “Al-Warith” warns every being who became heedless in this worldly life that this life will soon be separated from him.  Allah is informing that He is the Creator, the Owner and the Controller of all matters. All of the creation will be destroyed and only He, the Most High and Most Holy, will remain. There is no one who can claim absolute ownership and control of affairs besides Him. He is the Inheritor of all His creation. He is the Eternal, Who will remain after they are gone and He is the Judge of their affairs. Therefore, no soul will be done any injustice, nor wronged even the weight of a mosquito or an atom. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer)

Having learnt about the greatness of Allah’s Name “Al-Warith”, a believer develops the following characteristics:

  1. A believer acknowledges his good deeds as only true inheritance.

“That is Paradise, which We give as inheritance to those of Our servants who were fearing of Allah.” (Surah Mariam: 63)

  1. He also constantly fears Allah (Glory be to Him) in the issues of rights of inheritance and does not nor will do injustice to his/her inheritors.
  2. The only thing Prophets (May peace and blessings be upon them all) bequeathed knowledge, thus a believer embraces the circles of true knowledge.
  3. A believer always hopes that Allah (Praise be to Him) grants him/her progeny and never grieves if that favor hasn’t been granted anytime. He/she should supplicate: “My Lord, grant me [a child] from among the righteous.” (Rabbī hablī min as-Sāliheen)

“O Allah, give me pleasure in my hearing and my sight, and make it the inheritor from me, and aid me against whoever oppresses me, and take vengeance from him for me (Allāhumma matti`nī bisam`ī wa baṣarī waj`alhumal-wāritha minnī, wanṣurnī `alā man yaẓlimunī, wa khudh minhu bitha’rī)” (Jami’ at-Tirmidhi: 3604)

 

 

 

The Appearance of Yajuj and Majuj

 

 

signs-of

Part 1

The Hour will not come until there are ten signs: the rising of the sun from the west, the appearance of False Messiah, the Beast, Yajuj and Majuj…” (Ibn Majah)

 

Among the major signs of the Day is the appearance of two wild nations called Yajuj and Majuj, or Gog and Magog. These are the two tribes that will spread chaos and anarchy on Earth and will provoke wild uproar.

Yajuj and Majuj are believed to be from the progeny of Adam.

Vast in number, these nations will create unrestrained disorder; spreading filth and causing harm wherever they wander.

The appearance of Yajuj and Majuj (Gog and Magog in Hebrew) is clearly stated in both, Quran and Sunnah.

In the Quran, they have been mentioned couple of times in Surah Anbiya and Surah Kahf.

According to Ibn Kathīr, they stem from the progeny of Japheth, the son of Prophet Noah, upon whom be peace.

Ibn Kathir also mentioned that they resemble like Mongolians in their appearance.

Mongolians are East-Central Asian ethnic group that are native to Mongolia and some inner parts of China.

The Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
“You say that you have no enemy but you will continue to fight (your) enemies until Yajuj  and Majuj emerge with wide faces, small eyes, and reddish black hair. They will pour down from every slope as if their faces are like lowered shields.” (Ahmad)

It is indicated in the aforementioned hadith that they havesmall eyes with wide faces just like Mongolian appearance.

The unnerving events related to the appearance of the two tribes will transpire after the arrival of Dajjal. Pandemonium will reign as they step out of their rampart.

After the end of Yajuj and Majuj, the other signs of the arrival of day of judgment will come shortly one after another till the trumpet will be blown and the world in its present state will eventually end.

Maha Bint Nayeem

The Mughal Aurangzeb

aurangzeb

Sitting in our history classes, it was so easy for us to frown and move our head disapprovingly thinking of what an evil and cruel ruler Aurangzeb was.
Little did we know, how wrong we were and how the historians maneuvered their way in letting people believe their much biased and false accounts.

Now looking back at history, The Mughals took power in India during the reign of Babur in the 1500s. Over 150 years later when Aurangzeb took power, the Mughal Empire was at is pinnacle. It controlled the majority of the Indian subcontinent and was one of the wealthiest (if not the wealthiest outright) empires in the world.

So now we see, Aurangzeb born into a powerful and cosmopolitan state with immense wealth in 1618. His father was none other than the legendary Shah Jahan, the builder of the 7th wonder of the world ‘the noble Taj Mahal’ in Agra.

He had the best scholars and teachers to educate him from a young age. Not only that, but as a young boy, he became well-versed in the Quran, the science of Hadith, and other aspects of Islamic sciences. He was known as a very enthusiastic reader. He read and wrote in Arabic, Persian, and Chagatai Turkic, the language of his ancestors.

However, one of his desires and main goals was to bring true Islamic governance to the Mughal Empire for unfortunately the previous emperors, while all Muslim, had not all ruled according to Islamic law.

Infact, his great grandfather Akbar had come with a new religion and called it the “din-i-illahi”.

On the other hand we see his affluent father extravagantly building one of the world’s wonder (a tomb for his mother), which was again against the Islamic law as Islam advocated moderation in spending our capital.

He vehemently opposed this act of his father and also made it a point to publicly oppose excessive veneration of the graves of Sufis, as he noted that it was developing into a cult-like practice, away from the beliefs and practices of Islam.

Besides these, he sent officials throughout the empire to enact Islamic law and end socially corrupt practices. As such; alcoholism, gambling, and prostitution were combated by the imperial government. Taxes that were not in line with Islamic law were also abolished, a policy that was very popular with the Mughal Empire’s subjects.

To make up for the loss in tax revenue, Aurangzeb adopted a very simple lifestyle and did not live in a lavish manner as his father had. Royal traditions that he considered extravagant were abolished, such as court musicians and festivities on the emperor’s birthday.

To think that a man born in a golden cradle now willfully living without much extravaganza is indeed a sacrifice that Aurangzeb made.

While the accomplishments and religious-mindedness of Aurangzeb’s reign is indisputable there are those historians and academics who insist that the lasting legacy of Aurangzeb is intolerance and oppression. He is commonly cited as a temple-destroyer and someone who attempted to eliminate non-Muslims in his empire, while the truth is, that unlike the muslim masjids, the hindu and sikh temples were used for political reasons. These temples were used by the priests to entice rebellion against the Mughals.

Infact, no historical records show that he had an indiscriminate policy of temple destruction across India. The temples he chose to destroy were carefully selected and a small fraction of the total Hindu houses of worship in India. This is because when Aurangzeb chose a temple for destruction, it was a politically motivated act, not a religious one. It thus became a policy when fighting rebellions against central authority, that the temple that spawned that rebellion also be destroyed.

An example of this was a 1669 rebellion in Banaras led by a political rival, Shivaji, who used the local temple to rally support to his cause. After capturing Shivaji, Aurangzeb destroyed a temple in Banaras that was used as a political recruiting ground against his reign.

Thus we see, Aurangzeb was a religious-minded leader who strove hard to ensure an Islamic character permeated through all his actions as leader.  This did not however mean religious intolerance as he followed guidelines for protection of non-Muslims that is mandated by Islamic law.

Bint hasan , Writer, AAT

Four In A Day

tick-list

We all crave for paradise, yet don’t want to work for it, perhaps it’s just a false hope that we have instilled within us that guarantees us paradise free of cost, but frankly and realistically speaking, has there been anything in our lives that has ever been free of cost? Some items may have been easier to procure than others, but never has it been completely gratis, if not monetarily than we have always have had to pay in some other form, unless and until it has been given to us in the way of Allah.

So don’t you think it is ridiculously idiotic of us to expect the most valuable treasure of all to be given to us scot free. As a matter of fact, even if we were to devote our entire life in worship and religion, we yet wouldn’t be worthy of paradise, yes its true! My dear friends, the most incorrigible mistake that we ever make is not being able to fathom the value of paradise, we have taken it so lightly that even a fancy party is now described as “heavenly”. In fault though our comprehension may be in, we have to get our frontal lobe set our priorities and conception right.

We have to comprehend the value of paradise and we must realize that it is entirely because of Allah’s mercy that we may be able to attain paradise, so we must do we what He has ordered us to do i.e. Asbaab (efforts)

So, in this context, I shall state a hadith which dictates a golden pathway to paradise:

The Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked, “Who is fasting today?” Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) replied, “Me”.
The Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked, “Who has followed a funeral procession today?” Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) replied, “Me”.
The Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked, “Who has fed a poor person today?” Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) replied, “Me”.
The Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked, “Who has visited a sick person today?” Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him)  replied, “Me”.
The Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) then said, “Any person that has done these four things in one day will enter Paradise.”
[Sahih Muslim]

This hadith shows the virtue of performing four types of actions in one single day whereby the prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) mentioned that the person who does these four actions in one day will be granted paradise.

These four actions are:

  1. Fasting
  2. Visiting a sick person
  3. Following a funeral procession
  4. Feeding a poor person

The hadith also shows the virtue of Abu Bakr Al-Sideeq (May Allah be pleased with him) when the prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked who had performed these actions it was he who had performed them. He is the greatest companion of the prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and was always the first in performing good deeds may Allah be pleased with him.
And Allah Knows Best!

All these tasks are indeed noble and can be individually contemplated on and Alhamdulillah, these commissions are no trek to Mount Everest. Rather it is something that we can easily do but of course there shall be the usual complaints of lack of opportunity, but then remember opportunities come by to those who search and seek them.

“We often miss opportunity because it’s dressed in overalls and looks like work”
― Thomas A. Edison

 

Read more on the virtues of visiting the sick which, hip hip hooray, is also a “ way to Jannah”

http://aateam.org/blog/when-seventy-thousand-angels-send-blessings/

 

Nullifiers of Wudhu

wudhu

What breaks one’s wudhu? Seems an easy question, with an obvious answer… but nonetheless let us recap it.

The things that break wudhu are:

1 – Any discharge from the front or back passage (urine, stools, wind, etc.), except for wind emitted from a woman’s front passage – that does not break wudhu.

2 – Emission of urine or stools from anywhere other than the urethra or anus.

3 – Losing one’s mind, which may mean losing it altogether by losing one’s mental faculties, which is insanity, or by losing it temporarily for a certain length of time for some reason such as sleep, unconsciousness, intoxication, etc.

4 – Touching one’s private part, because of the hadeeth of Basrah bint Safwaan, who heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “Whoever touches his private part, let him do wudhu.” (narrated by Abu Dawood, Saheeh by Sh Al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood)

5 – Eating camel meat, because of the hadeeth of Jaabir ibn Samurah, who said that a man asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), “Should we do wudhu after eating camel meat?” He said, “Yes.” (Narrated by Muslim, al-Hayd, 539).

6- It should be noted that touching a woman’s body does not break one’s wudhu, whether that is done with feelings of desire or otherwise, unless anything is emitted as a result of that touching.

(The above six points are from Al-Sharh al-Mumti’ by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 1, p. 219-250. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, vol. 5, p. 264)

7-Blood and bleeding: There is no evidence to suggest that blood invalidates one wudhu unless it be from a woman’s private part. Furthermore, there are occasions on which the sahabahs prayed despite being wounded and bleeding. One such example is the example of Abbad ibn Bishr as mentioned in Ibn Katheeer’s Al-Bidaya wan Nihaya. Whilst praying and reciting he was shot by an arrow. Abbad pulled out the arrow, and continued his prayer. He was shot twice more, both arrows squarely hitting Abbad. Abbad continued in his prayer, despite his pierced flesh until he fell into sujood and became weak.

8-Swearing: contrary to common misconception, swearing does not break Wudhu. However, it is recommended to perform wudhu after foul speech, whether it be swearing, backbiting or lying, but it is not obligatory. Wudhu expiates sins, and thus it is recommended so as to wash away the sins of foul speech.

9-Vomitting does not invalidate wudhu, and this is the most correct opinion for there is no solid or authentic evidence to suggest that it breaks wudhu.

To conclude there are five things which nullify one’s wudhu and they are; discharge from the front or back passage, passage of urine or stool, losing one’s mind, touching one’s private areas, and eating camel meat.

 

Fidgeting in the Prayer

salah

“Scratch, scratch, scratch,” he itched his head for the third time. ‘Ahhhhh’ he yawned, as he opened his mouth wide. Tick-tock, and he bent to fix his socks. This man had ants in his pants, or perhaps it was the shaytaan playing with him and causing him to fidget so.

Notice how this only happens when you pray. Somehow, it will not happen when you are relaxing, no. It will neither happen whilst you are watching your favourite show, definitely not. It only happens when you lift your hands and pronounce, ‘Allahu Akbar,’ to begin your salah. Your skin becomes alive, and you are prone to itching, all sorts of pains you never knew you had, your hijab suddenly feels lop-sided, as you imagine it to frame your face horribly, your hair somehow seems to tickle your neck…..and you begin to fidget. And the more you try to hold back, the more it seems to come.

My friends, it is the Shaytaan who is distracting you from your prayer. And whilst khushu is difficult to attain you should know that fidgeting in the prayer is impermissible.

Allah commands us in the Qur’an, “and stand before Allah with obedience.” (02:283)

Thus when we stand before Allah, it should be with full attention and submission.

Imagine managing to secure an audience with the King or Queen of your country or even the Prime Minister. It would be a well-anticipated meeting, for which you would feel honoured and would hence prepare yourself well in advance. You would ensure your clothes were proper, perhaps you would wear your most expensive outfit. In His or Her Royal Highness’ presence you would ensure your best manners, you would give your undivided attention, and every itch and pain would have to wait for later.

Why? Why would we do this for mere human beings, who have little power, who would not bat an eyelid about our daily affairs, when the King of all Kings calls us, who cares for our every little matter, who cares about our salvation and wants the best for us? The One who truly deserves our undivided attention, who deserves our obedience and subservience, who bestows gifts upon us, who gave us life, who warrants an audience with you, you don’t even have to make any arrangements, this King, Allah Azza wa jal, has set it up for you. He waits for you throughout the days and night for you to call on Him, and yet when we stand before Him, we neglect His Magnitude. We forget before whom we are standing. Indeed, Allah Himself described the successful,

“Successful indeed are the believers. Those who offer their salaat with all solemnity and full submissiveness.” (23:1-2)

Allah has described the triumphant ones as those who are alert in their prayer, who concentrate and refrain from fidgeting.

In addition to this the scholars have explained, that excessive unnecessary movement and fidgeting in salaah invalidates it. There is no specific number of movements that invalidate the prayer, rather it is continuous unnecessary movements. However, if certain movements are necessary, whether small or large it does not invalidate one’s prayer. For example; once whilst praying the Prophet opened the door for Aishah to enter, as narrated by Abu Dawud and At-Tirmithi.

I end on this note, one should be attentive when praying and should not be distracted by their hair, beard, watch, clothes, itchiness etc…for it detracts from one’s Khushu, and reward. Remember the greatness of Allah when you stand before Him. Contemplate that you are standing before The Mighty, The Majestic One, The King of all Kings.

 

Women in the Mosque

mosque-w

In some parts of the world it is a common misconception that women are to be kept at home restrained from going out. In other parts, the misconception takes a different form; the mosques are for men, and women should not be seen there. Both these ideas are alien to Islam, which permitted women to go out for her necessities, and made the mosques a place of worship, not just for men, but for women also. Though it is more rewarding for a woman to pray in her house, it is perfectly acceptable for her to offer her prayers in the mosque and benefit from the activities that go on there.

Sadly, the misconception stated above results in many mosques being erected without any consideration for the female slaves of Allah. Such mosque committees wonder at the affairs of the muslim women when the see them astray and trolling the streets, yet they neither seek to educate them, nor accommodate for them.

To top it off, some women agree with this notion, and resort to ignorance of the Sunnah of permitting women to attend the mosques, and ignorance of the etiquettes of the mosque under the pretext that they do not attend the mosques. My sisters, this is not an excuse for ignorance. Rise above and learn, for seeking knowledge is an obligation in our religion.

Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Do not prevent your women from going to the mosques, although their houses are better for them.” (Abu Dawud, Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 515)

In fact, women are permitted to go to the mosques, and their menfolk cannot prohibit them.

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “When your womenfolk ask you for permission to go to the mosque, give them permission.”

According to another version, “Do not forbid women their share of the mosques if they ask you for permission.” Bilaal – a son of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar – said, “By Allah, we will stop them.” ‘Abdullah ibn Umar said to him, “I say ‘The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said…’ and you say, ‘We will stop them’?!” (Muslim)

Thus the command of the Prophet to give the women permission, has a higher status than anyone else’s opinion. For he was the Messenger of Allah, and spoke not of his own whims.

A’ishah, the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), said: “If the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had seen the way the women are behaving, he would have forbidden them to go to the mosque as the women of the Children of Israel were forbidden.”

Yet, the women were not forbidden. Nonetheless, the muslim woman should be cautious about her behaviour and dress when attending the mosque. There are guidelines to follow:

In his book Hiraasat al-Fadeelah (p. 86), Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd listed the conditions for women to go out to the mosque. He said:

“Women are allowed to go out to the mosque according to the following rulings:

1-     That there is no risk of them tempting others or being tempted

2-     That their attendance will not lead to anything that is forbidden according to sharee’ah

3-     That they do not jostle with men in the street or in the mosque

4-     That they should go out not wearing perfume

5-     That they should go out wearing full hijab, not making a wanton display of their adornment

6-     A door should be set aside in the mosque just for women to enter and exit, as mentioned in the hadeeth narrated in Sunan Abi Dawood and elsewhere.

7-     The women’s rows should be behind the men

8-     The best rows for women are those at the back behind the men, unlike the case for men

9-     If the imam makes any mistake in his prayer, men should say “Subhan Allaah!” and women should clap

10-The women should leave the mosque before the men, and the men should wait until the women have dispersed to their homes, as mentioned in the hadeeth of Umm Salamah in Saheeh Al-Bukhari and elsewhere.”

When a woman attends the mosque, she should do so seeking the pleasure of Allah, to earn His rewards and to boost her iman. To go to the mosque for the sake of socialising, and causing other such commotions only incurs the wrath of Allah, of which we should be wary.

Thus, I encourage our sisters to attend the mosques to benefit from the halaqas and classes, but I also advise that they should follow the Sunnah in doing so and should not become a fitna for others.

May Allah aid us in attaining His pleasure.