Ya’juj and Ma’juj

Bullet Hole in Metal

Do you know that Yajuj and Majuj are the barbaric tribes that will spread filth on Earth?

They are the horrendous tribes that are caged behind the iron and copper bars. They are the ones who will cause havoc on the face of the Earth.

It is stated in the Holy Quran that Allah has held Yajuj and Majuj behind a barrier that was created with iron and copper by Dhu’l-Qarnayn.
According to the Quran, they will be set loose shortly before the arrival of the Day of Judgment as Allah Almighty has mentioned:
Until, when Ya’juj and Ma’juj are let loose (from their barrier), and they swiftly swarm from every mound. And the true promise (Day of Resurrection) shall draw near (to fulfillment)…”

 [Surah al-Anbiya:96-97]

Another Hadith is narrated by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad that the Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Verily, Gog and Magog dig through the dam every day, till they could see the sun rays (through it), and their leader would say: ‘Go back and you will finish it tomorrow.’ On the next day, they find it as strong as before. Till when their appointed term comes and Allah desires to send them against mankind, they dig it till they could see the sun rays (through it) and their leader says: ‘Go back and you will finish it tomorrow, if Allah wills!’ On the next day, they find it as they had left the day before and they dig through it and come against mankind. They will drink (every drop of water they pass by). The people will resort to strongholds. And, Gog and Magog will throw their arrows towards the sky. When they come back to them stained with what looks like blood, they will say: ‘We have defeated the people on earth and those in the heaven as well.’ Then, Allah the Almighty will send against them worms in their necks that will kill them all. Allah’s Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul rests! Living creatures of the earth would go fat and be thankful due to eating their flesh and (drinking their) blood.”

Yajuj and majuj will rack and ruin the Earth. This world will practically be blown to smithereens upon their arrival.

A wave of fear rolled upon me when I read a dreadful fact about them. It is said that they will pass the Lake of Tiberias (Sea of Galilee) drinking all the water from there in and leaving not even a drop for us! How numerous they must be!

They will drink and consume all water they come across, and destroy everything they encounter.

Imagine this horrific scene of devastation. Today, we know of swarms of locusts that consume everything in their path, and the destruction they leave behind. Towards the onset of the final hour, Ya’juj and Ma’juj will be the swarm, humans intent on carnage in their quest for dominance…How arrogant and ignorant they must be to wish to conquer the heavens!

May Allah protect us from the trial of Ya’juj and Ma’juj.

Brother and sisters, it is important that we learn about these signs, and seek protection in Allah from it. For none with sound mind would like to face the peril of Ya’juj and Ma’juj.

Al-Aziz


“And let not their speech grieve you. Indeed, honor [due to power] belongs to Allah entirely. He is the Hearing, the Knowing.”
(Surah Yunus: 65)

With the recent commotion about the power in the hands of dictators/ elected leaders, we have become cynical about the Supreme decrees. We are in need of reminders and acknowledgment of Allah’s Beautiful Name “Al-‘Aziz”. This Name has occurred 92 times in Qur’an alone! Linguistically, Allah’s name “Al-‘Aziz” came from the root word ز- ز- ع meaning: Precious, Mighty, Invincible, Noble, Unattainable, Prevalent, and Glorious.

Allah (Glory Be to Him) is “’Aziz” and none can overcome Him.  For Him is the honor of obedience. Because of His Greatness no harm touches Him.

Every calamity is disgraceful before His Glory. Everything breaks in front of His Power. He is matchless, perfect from every aspect, and none is like Him.

Allah “Al-‘Aziz” is severe in retaliation. If He (Praise be to Him) takes vengeance then none can stop Him or run away from Him.

No man has the right to question any legislation that Allah has laid for us. Only Allah can give honor to those who believe.

“Whoever desires honor [through power] – then to Allah belongs all honor. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it. But they who plot evil deeds will have a severe punishment, and the plotting of those – it will perish. “(Surah Fatir: 10)

The meaning of His Greatness points towards His Oneness and purity from all kind of partners. Therefore, we should direct all our worships to “Al-‘Azeez”.

Allah is ‘Aziz, He gives honor to whomever he wills. He never disgraces those who seek His help.

“Say, “O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent.” (Surah al-Aal ‘Imran: 26)

Our eyes are restrained from reaching His perfect Glory and our minds ceased from comprehending the hows of that Glory.

Exalted is your Lord, the Lord of might, above what they describe.” (Surah as-Saffat: 180)

Al-‘Aziz has a right to be praised due to His Nobility.

“And they resented them not except because they believed in Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Praiseworthy,” (Surah al-Burooj: 8)

Having learnt the linguistic and Islamic definitions, it is essential that we ponder on its effect on the believers so that we take the medicine we really need:

  1. A believer develops respect for the religion Islam. This respect elevates him/her due to the obedience of Allah (praise be to Him) and prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). This dignity helps him/her to walk on the path of the pious.

“They say, “If we return to al-Madinah, the more honored [for power] will surely expel therefrom the more humble.” And to Allah belongs [all] honor, and to His Messenger, and to the believers, but the hypocrites do not know.” (Surah al-Munafiqoon: 8)

  1. Whoever is seeking dignity is this life and the hereafter then he should believe in the One. A believer does not search for honor in people.
  2. A believer shows humbleness towards the other believers because Allah says:

“Do not extend your eyes toward that by which We have given enjoyment to [certain] categories of the disbelievers, and do not grieve over them. And lower your wing to the believers.” (Surah al-Hijr: 88)

  1. A believer is content with the decree of Allah the Almighty.
  2. If a person firmly believes in the Power of Allah (Praise be to Him) and that He is pure from any kind of flaws, his Imaan (faith) increases in Him.
  3. There is honor in forgiving people and a believer never misses a chance:

“And let not those of virtue among you and wealth swear not to give [aid] to their relatives and the needy and the emigrants for the cause of Allah , and let them pardon and overlook. Would you not like that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Surah noor: 22)

 

“O Allah! To You I have submitted, and in You do I believe, and in You I put my trust, to You do I turn, and for You I argued. O Allah, I seek refuge with You through Your Power; there is none worthy of worship except You Alone; that You safeguard me against going astray. You are the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists; the One Who never dies, whereas human beings and jinn will all die.”

 

Abandoning The Qur’an

read-quran

And the Messenger has said, “O my Lord, indeed my people have taken this Qur’an as [a thing] abandoned.” (25:30)

What a terrible state one would to be in, to have the Messenger testify against you, in the greatest of all courts; the Court of Allah, on the Day of Judgement! It is for this reason, my brothers and sisters that we must endeavour to cherish the Qur’an.

There are many ways by which one may abandon the Qur’an. Some allow the mushaf to collect dust on the shelves without lifting it to read. Others forget what they have learnt. And there are those who devote time to memorising it but do not let it affect their hearts. All this is worthy of blame. As muslims we should learn the Qur’an, seek to understand it the way the companions and salaf-as-salih did. We should apply it in our lives by acting on the laws contained within it. We should extract lessons from it, by learning from the examples of nations and peoples past. We should reflect and ponder upon it, to come closer to Allah, for in it He has explained His signs for those who would take heed. We should memorise it and recite it during the days and nights, and an easy way to take care and revise it; repeat it in our Salah. The Qur’an was sent a guide for us, an instruction by which we live our lives, it is a manual, detailing the code of living which we call Islam. How can we claim to be Muslims, following Islam if we are unaware of what is within the Qur’an which details Islam?!

It seems preposterous, but this is the case with many of us. We would happily ascribe Islam to ourselves, but we fail to know what it is, simply because we neglect its source. The Prophet peace be upon him left behind him two things, which if we hold onto, we can never falter, the first of these two, is the Qur’an. The second being the Sunnah.

Below is a quick summary of the ways in which one may neglect the Qur’an.

Types of abandonment:

  • Not reciting it
  • Not memorising it
  • Not learning from it
  • Not acting Upon it
  • Not seeking to understand it
  • Not reflecting upon it
  • Forgetting what one has learnt of it

The Messenger has informed us that the Qur’an needs constant attention. Once one takes a hold of it, one is bound by it. He said, “The likeness of the one who memorizes the Qur’an is that of the owner of a hobbled camel. If he tends to it regularly, he will keep it, but if he lets it go, he will lose it.” (al-Bukhaari, 5031)

In another hadith collected by Imam Bukhari, ‘Abdullah said: the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “It is not right for any one of you to say, ‘I have forgotten such and such.’ On the contrary, he has been made to forget. Try to review the Qur’an, for it is more likely to escape from men’s hearts than camels.” (Bukhari, 5032)

By one neglecting the Qur’an, he has been caused to forget. Let us not be amongst these. Thus I advise you and myself, let us make it a proof for us and not against us.

Abu Maalik al-Ash‘ari said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The Qur’an is evidence for you or against you.” (Muslim)

Regarding this, Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“Either it will be for you, if you sought to draw close to Allah means of it, and you fulfilled the obligations towards the Holy Qur’an, namely believing its stories, obeying its commands, heeding its prohibitions and venerating and respecting the Holy Qur’an, in which case it will be proof for you,

Or it will be the opposite, if you disrespected the Qur’an and neglected its words and meanings and failed to act upon it, and you did not fulfil the obligations towards it. In that case it will be a witness against you on the Day of Resurrection.” Sharh Riyadh as-Saaliheen, p. 30

Furthermore, there is punishment for those who neglected and abandoned the Quran.

In the long hadeeth of Samurah ibn Jundub from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) about dream, in which he saw various punishment, he (peace be upon him) says: “As for the one whose head was being crushed with the rock, he took the Qur’an then abandoned it, and he (often) slept and missed the obligatory prayer.”

Ibn al-Qayyim (raḥimahullāh) said: “The people of the Qur’an are those who read it and act upon it, even if they haven’t memorised it” (Zaad Al Ma’ad1/327)

May Allah aid us to be amongst the people of the Qur’an who give it its due rights and do not neglect it in any way.

“And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)?” [al-Qamar 54:17].

 

Recite and Rise!

quran-4

We all know that we should be reciting the Quran as much as possible. We know that it contains guidance for us to come closer to Allah and instructions through which we live our lives. And this is the main purpose of the Quran.

However, reciting the Qur’an also yields much reward. Let us break it down to make it easier:

  • ‘Aa’ishah narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The likeness of the one who reads Qur’an and memorizes it is that he is with the righteous honourable scribes. The likeness of the one who reads it and tries hard to memorize it even though it is difficult for him, he will have two rewards.” (Bukhari)

And as the saying goes, ‘practice makes perfect,’ so it will only take toil and struggle to get the point of being able to perfect your recitation. This hadith is motivation for those days on which you feel lazy. Go on, grab your mushaf already!

  • In another hadeeth, ‘Aa’ishah, relates that the Prophet said: “Verily the one who recites the Qur’an beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. And as for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have twice that reward.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

This is similar to the above hadith, would you not want to be in the company of the angels?!

  • Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said, the Messenger of Allah said, “Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that “Alif, Laam, Meem” is a letter, rather I am saying that “Alif” is a letter, “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter.” So increase your recitation of the Qur’an to gain these merits, and to gain the following merit as well. (Tirmithi)

Imagine, every letter is multiplied by ten. If you were to just read one page a day, how much rewards would that amass to? Be greedy for the rewards my friends….it is worth it. When you come on the Day of Judgement and find mountains of rewards before you, it will be worth it.

  • The Qur’an is an intercessor, something given permission to intercede, and it is rightfully believed in. Whoever puts it in front of him, it will lead him to Paradise; whoever puts it behind him, it will steer him to the Hellfire.” [At-Tabaraani, on the authority of ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ud]

And what could be better, an access and key to paradise itself. Give the Qur’an the attention and time that it is due, by reading it and following its commands and it will be your ticket to paradise. Leave it off and could well be the cause of your downfall.

  • The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Fasting and the Qur’an will intercede for a person on the Day of Resurrection. Fasting will say, ‘O Lord, I deprived him of food and desires during the day, so let me intercede for him.’ The Qur’an will say, ‘O Lord I deprived him of his sleep at night, so let me intercede for him.’ Then they will both intercede for him.” (Ahmad, al-Tabaraani and al-Haakim; Saheeh by Sh Al-Albaani)

Subhanallah, this is from the Mercy of Lord, The Generous, to allow the Qur’an to intercede for us. Paradise is deserving of competition, and struggle. The rewards of which no eye has seen, no ear has heard and what has not crossed the mind of anyone await us.

  • On one occasion the Prophet said, ‘I am leaving with you two weighty things: the first is the Book of Allah, in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it.’ (Muslim)

The Qur’an is a source of guidance, it is our code of living as muslims. It is implied from this hadith, that learning the Qur’an, understanding it and implementing it yields the reward of guidance, and this guidance from Allah to worship Him alone, is the biggest Ni’mah (blessing) a person can have whilst he is alive.

  • Narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “It will be said to the companion of the Qur’an: Recite and rise in status, recite as you used to recite in the world, for your status will be at the last verse that you recite.” (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 5/218, no. 2240)

This is the cream of the crop. This is what we aspire for. However, one should note that the “companion of the Qur’an” referenced in the hadith is one who memorises the Qur’an, for one who does so has a special virtue over others. He strove hard in the life of the world, to memorise the Qur’an, and to preserve and maintain that memory with constant revision, and so such a person will be rewarded in an extraordinary fashion on that Day.

Please note the following hadith is inauthentic:

“The bearer of the Qur’an, if he regards what it permits as halaal and what it forbids as haraam, he will intercede for ten of his family members on the Day of Resurrection, all of whom deserved to enter Hell.” This was narrated by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan (The Branches of Faith) from Jaabir; it was classed as da’eef by al-Albaani in Da’eef al-Jaami’.

This hadith has been circulated many times, and propagated often. However we must be cautious about attributing such statements to the Prophet, better to refrain from spreading such.

Nonetheless, are not the authentic ahadith enough to motivate us to read the Qur’an? Are they insufficient to motivate us into action?! We will be questioned about how we spent our time, and what better way to utilise the gift of time than in the remembrance of Allah reciting His words!

And so I ask you, ‘What’s your reason for not reciting the Qur’an?’

 

Sitting with Wrong-doers

friendship-day-sms

We all love company, whether it is keeping someone else company or for our own entertainment. The joy of having someone else with you, to chat to, to laugh with, to share moments of happiness is all part of human nature. But all too easily it can become a cause of destruction.

For how many have sat with one who leads them astray? How many have accompanied the wrong-person only to fall prey to sinning and immorality? Indeed, one is upon the religion of his friend, so choose your company wisely.

Siting with a person who mocks Allah’s Ayaat, only decreases one’s iman and undermines one’s belief. This is not just an intellectual matter, rather we have been warned by Allah, by the Prophet, and by many of the Sahabah and Tabi’een that it affects the heart and not just the mind.

Allah says, “And when you see those who engage in false conversation about our verses, stay away from them till they turn to another topic. And if Satan causes you to forget, then after the remembrance do not sit in the company of those people who wrong-doers.” (06:68)

This is a command from Allah. Allah gives us sincere advice for our protection and the preservation of our faith not to accompany those who speak ill about the religion of Allah. It is not permissible for us to remain in such company, no matter how close they are in relation to us, nor how kind they are towards us. It includes avoiding sitting with sinners, disbelievers, hypocrites, the innovators, people of desires and the list can go on.

Abdullah Bin Umar narrated: A man during the battle of Tabuk said, “We have seen no people with greater appetite (bigger stomachs), more lying and more cowardly in battle than those people” [He was referring to the Qur’aan reciters with the Prophet]. Awf bin Malik rose and said, “In fact, you are a liar and a hypocrite and I will inform Allah’s Messenger about your words”. So he went to Allah’s Messenger, but by then he was already informed by the above revelation. At the same time, the hypocrite approached Allah’s Messenger while he was starting his journey already on his camel. He pleaded, “O Messenger of Allah! We were only joking and trying to pass the time while travelling.” Ibn Umar said, “It’s as if I see him now that he was clinging to the saddle belt of the Messenger of Allah’s camel as it ran while his legs were being battered by the rough ground, and even then he continued pleading”. Allah’s Messenger said: “Was it at Allah and His ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger that you were mocking? Make no excuse. You have disbelieved after you have believed.” (Surah Tawbah, 9:65-66). He did not look towards them nor spoke anything further. (Collected by Ibn Jarir, Ibn Abi Hatim and others)

From this we learn it is impermissible, and kufr to mock the ayaat of Allah, and to sit with such people who do so, is also impermissible. Mockery comes in many forms, be it with speech, writings, actions or gestures, all are impermissible. It damages one’s iman, making them immune to such a sin, and compromise’s one’s beliefs. Furthermore, to remain silent is to accept such conduct. How can one who truly believes in Allah and the last day remain silent, when someone mocks his religion in front of him? Thus, it is better to leave such company.

The only situation in which one is permitted is to sit with such people is to reason with them and to prevent their evil and call them towards the right path, and even then we must take great precaution, for something may settle in our hearts and affect it. And thus it is reported that the great Imam; Al-Hasan Al Basri said, ‘do not sit with the people of desires, don’t argue with them and don’t listen to them.’

“And it has already come down to you in the Book that when you hear the verses of Allah [recited], they are denied [by them] and ridiculed; so do not sit with them until they enter into another conversation. Indeed, you would then be like them. Indeed Allah will gather the hypocrites and disbelievers in Hell all together.” (04:140)

Allah prohibits us from accompanying those who mock Allah and His religion, because to sit with them is to accept what they say and thus to be like them. Finally, a warning is given at the end of the verse, that the hypocrites and disbelievers, who are those who deny and mock the ayaat of Allah or who permit that the ayaat is ridiculed, for them is the terrible torment of Hellfire.

Let us adhere to advice of Messenger, to choose our companions wisely and to keep good company. Let us follow the command of Allah to leave off such people who have no Iman and who turn others away from Iman through their speech and actions.

May Allah protect us from this, and from keeping bad company. May he unite us with the best of company, the Prophets, the martyrs and the truthful ones in Paradise. Ameen.

Scruples, Sermons, Alarms and Temptations

destination-jannah

Whilst walking past her, I felt so shy, my conscience told me not to ignore her and coaxed me to greet her by saying Salam, yet my mouth remained clamped shut and she passed away and along with her an opportunity to have received reward from Allah.

Another time, as I waltzed my way to my college entrance, I saw the cleaner, an elderly man with graying hair and a worn out face doing his menial labour, the 1 riyal note in my bag seemed to buzz like an alarm on a still night, but the thought of pausing and opening my bag and then my wallet seemed to weigh me down, finally my indolence won the upper hand and I crossed past him bearing the shock of my incredulous lethargy all the while yet consoling myself that I definitely would be kind to him the next time I meet him.

At another instance, as I stayed awake late at night cramming for my exam, a look at the clock alerted me to the fact that there was just 1 hour left to Fajr and I also had to go to college, alarmed I hurried to my bed, frightened at the prospect of waking up late for college, when realization dawned upon me that I could read Tahajjud; one of the most noble of deeds, yet the plush pillows and cozy bed seemed to call upon me like a sweet haven enticing me to forget the exhaustion and fatigue of the day to a sleep of sweetness and respite. Being a temptress of fame, I gave in to its cajoling and lay down on it and slept.

Yet another time, when I was behaving all pompously preaching to my sister on the merits of maintaining the ties of kinship, my sister questioned me whether I myself followed what I advised, making me realize that I was perfectly emulating the role of a preacher that herself needed preaching.

Introversion, gluttony, temptation, ostentation, are these seriously the best excuses that we can come up for missing rewards. Oh come on! I am certain that I alone am not afflicted with these ailments but many of us let opportunities slip past our fingers due to incredulously foolish reasons.

So, let the following hadith now be a reminder to us not to let our insolences take the dominant hand and frankly speaking these simple tasks are no trek to the Everest, We all are quite capable of doing them.

The Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “O mankind! Spread the salutation, feed the poor and needy, join the ties of kinship and offer prayers at night while the people are asleep and you shall enter Paradise in peace.” [Ibn Majah]

This hadith shows four types of worship which help one enter paradise with no hardship.

These four actions are:

  1. Spreading salutation (salam) by making it apparent to those whom you know and those whom you don’t know from the Muslims.
  2. Feeding the poor and needy by giving charity other than the Zakaat which is obligatory.
  3. Joining the ties of kinship from family and relatives.
  4. Praying the night prayers whilst everyone else is asleep.
    The final third of the night is considered to be the best time for this prayer because it is the time that Allah Almighty descends to the lowest heaven in order to forgive those whom are praying and grant them what they ask for

And Allah Knows Best!

So, my dear friends lets jog up, these tasks truly are simple yet noble and with Allah’s help and a strong will power, we certainly can accomplish doing them.

Read further on the immense benefits of joining kith and kins at: http://aateam.org/blog/silatur-rahm/ and http://aateam.org/blog/abandoning-your-brother/

Bint Ayesha

Be Funny!

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Humour is essential in life, some people are exceptionally funny and Witty with their responses. But some people just let go their tongues free and say whatever makes people laugh, just to have a good time .
Allah the exalted says: Oh you who believe ! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak the Truth.
Truth has to prevail in any and every situation.

Some people exaggerate the truth to make an enjoyable story adding expressions which never were expressed, these are also lies. The Prophet was a person whose company was enjoyed by everyone and he used to joke too but he spoke the facts.

Anas narrated: A man came to the Prophet and said, “O Messenger of Allah give me something to ride upon.” He said “I shall give you the young one of a she camel to ride on.” The man said, “What will I do with the young one of a she camel?” The Prophet said, “Is not every camel given birth by a she camel. ”
We need to keep in mind that we should never hurt anybody while having fun, disrespecting children is offensive, it breaks their self-esteem. Everyone is deserving of respect no matter how young or old they are.

Narrating stories, and jokes should not become backbiting or occasions to gossip, if it isn’t offensive but may defame a person’s image it better not be told. For backbiting is a serious sin, which we should endeavour to avoid.

So, joke and have fun but in a truthful and harmless way, not hurtful to others, nor harmful to oneself.

Fatima Damad
AAT,  Writer

The Hero

Among the émigrés who traversed their way from Makkah to their sweet haven; the noble city of Madinah, was a blind man. Yet, blindness or being handicapped in no way diminished the status of Abdullah ibn Umm Makhtum, on the contrary he, to date, is quite well known.
He was amongst the first to accept Islam and lived through the persecution of the Muslims and suffered what the other companions of the Prophet experienced. His attitude, like theirs, was one of firmness, staunch resistance and sacrifice.

He was devoted to the noble Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) and so zealous was he to memorize the Qur’an that he would not miss any opportunity to achieve his heart’s desire. One very notable incident from this noble Sahaba’s life was whence at a time our beloved Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was concentrating on the Quraysh notables and was eager that they become Muslims. He, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)  had begun talking and negotiating with them and telling them about Islam and had so dearly wished that they would respond in the positive to him and accept Islam or at least call off their persecution of his companions. While he was thus engaged, Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum came up and called out to him to read a verse from the Qur’an.
“O messenger of Allah,” he said, “teach me from what Allah has taught you.” The Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) being preoccupied at the time frowned and turned away. He turned his attention instead to the group of Quraysh, hoping that they would become Muslims and that by their acceptance of Islam they, by the will of Allah, would bring greatness to Islam and strengthen his mission. As soon as he had finished speaking to them and had left their company, he suddenly felt partially blinded and his head began to throb violently. At this point the following revelation came to him:

( 1 ) The Prophet frowned and turned away
( 2 ) Because there came to him the blind man, [interrupting].
( 3 ) But what would make you perceive, [O Muhammad], that perhaps he might be purified
( 4 ) Or be reminded and the remembrance would benefit him?
From that day the Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him) did not cease to be generous to Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum, to ask him about his affairs, to fulfil his needs and take him into his council whenever he approached. (Surah Abasa, verses 1-4)
Infact, later years, he often greeted Ibn Umm Maktum with these words of humility:

“Welcome unto him on whose account my Sustainer has rebuked me.”
Subhan Allah, truly Allah had honoured this Sahaba.

Later on Abdullah and Bilal ibn Rabah were appointed to be muadh-dhins for the Muslims. Many a times, Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum was put in charge of Madinah in the absence of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings be upon him).
His story is truly one that leaves a person in awe.
Even though he was excused from jihad due to his disability he wasn’t content with staying among those who remained at home when an expedition was in progress. Great souls are not content with remaining detached from affairs of great moment.
He fixed a role for himself on the battle field. He would say: “Place me between two rows and give me the standard(flag). I will carry it for you and protect it, for I am blind and cannot run away.” Allahu Akbar, this illustrates not only gallantry but his bravery as well!
In the fourteenth year after the hijrah, Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) resolved to mount a major assault against the Persians to bring down their State and open the way for the Muslim forces.  Umar appointed Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas commander over the army. When the army reached Qadisiyyah, Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum was prominent, wearing a coat of armour and fully prepared. He had vowed to carry and protect the standard of the Muslims or be killed in the process.

The forces met and engaged in battle for three days. The fighting was among the most fierce and bitter in the history of the Muslim conquests. On the third day, the Muslims achieved a mighty victory as one of the greatest empires in the world collapsed and one of the most secure thrones fell. The standard of Tawhid was raised in an idolatrous land. Yet, the price of this clear victory was hundreds of martyrs. Among them was Abdullah ibn Umm Maktum. He was found dead on the battlefield clutching the flag of the Muslims.

As a martyr he passed away, his nobility, chivalry and gallantry indeed supersedes legends of fictional heroes for indeed he was a “true hero” who didn’t let his blindness become an obstacle in his way. He indeed is a motivation to all handicapped, and what should I say for those of us who are hale and hearty! We can’t take this account as yet another page in our history books but must learn from his zeal and endeavour to seek guidance.
May Allah guide us all.
Bint Hasan

The Omen in Safar

safar

Evil omens, bad luck and misfortune all fall under the same heading of superstitions. They all have an underlying theme common to all three, and that is the belief that something has the power to affect something else negatively. To put it more bluntly, they all rely on belief that other than Allah has the power to control or manipulate in a negative manner.

Sadly, people have attributed such a belief to the month of Safar believing that it is a month of misfortune, and an evil omen. As such some people will not marry in this month, avoid travelling and so on, fearing that the month is a month of harm.

This belief stems from Jahiliyyah, the pre-Islamic period of ignorance, where the Arabs feared the month of Safar was an omen, and would sometimes delay the sacredness of Muharram to Safar.  To this day, some still hold the belief that Safar is a month of bad consequences.

What makes this belief so dangerous is that it is a form of Shirk, as one attributes power to other than Allah. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Tiyarah (belief in evil omens) is shirk.” (Saheeh by Sh Al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood)

A muslim who pays attention to these superstitions will do so in one of two ways:

Either he responds to them, believing that the month has the ability to cause harm, and as such refrains from certain actions.

Or, he goes ahead with his plans, but there remains worry and distress in his mind regarding the omen.

Both these cases are incorrect. Allah alone has sole power, and He has decreed everything that ever was, and ever is to be. He alone has complete control of the universe. He decreed the months as they are. The months have no ability or power to cause any harm nor to benefit. On should not pay attention to any of these superstitions, whether it is in regards to the month of Safar or anything else, rather a person should ignore it.

In fact, if any harm comes to us, it is because of our own actions, because what we have sent forth;

As Allah says “What comes to you of good is from Allah, but what comes to you of evil, is from yourself.” (04:79)

Do we not repeat the phrase, laa hawla wa la quwwata illa billah,” (There is no power nor might, except with Allah)”? Let us ponder upon this phrase, repeat it with our tongues, and affirm it with our hearts by complete belief in it.

The Prophet peace be upon him taught, “Know that if the entire creation were to gather together to do something to benefit you- you would never get any benefit except that Allah had written for you. And if they were to gather to do something to harm you- you would never be harmed except that Allah had written for you. The pens are lifted and the pages are dried.'” (At-Tirmithi)

This teaches us that only what is decreed for us by Allah will ever reach us. If it was decreed that harm would come to us in the month of Safar, then it is part of the plan of Allah, He knows what is best for, and the month of Safar cannot be blamed, nor thought to be an omen. Allah does what He wills, the decree is in His Hands, and He has power over all things.

And if a whisper from shaytaan should come, then one should calm his heart with Tawakkul (complete reliance and trust) in Allah, and follow the Prophetic Sunnah as mentioned in the hadith below:

Abdullah ibn ‘Amr said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever lets tiyarah (omens) stop him from doing something is guilty of shirk.” They said, “What is the kafaarah (expiation) for that?” He said, “To say: Allaahumma la khayra illaa khayruka wa laa tayra illaa tayruka wa laa ilaaha ghayruka (O Allah, there is no good except Your good, no birds (omens) except from You, and there is no god beside You).” [Saheeh by Sh Al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 6264]

The next time you feel inclined to a superstitious belief, remember the saying of the Prophet and remember the consequences of shirk. That is; if one dies without repentance, that Allah will not forgive him, and hellfire will be his permanent abode. Remember to place your trust in Allah, that He alone has power and control. Repeat the Prophetic supplication, with understanding to help you.

May Allah enlighten us all, and help us to avoid all forms of shirk. May He forgive us for that which we know of, and of that which we do not.