Who is the Dajjal?

Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: May I not inform you about the Dajjal what no Apostle of Allah narrated to his people? He would be blind and he would bring along with him an Image of Paradise and Hell-Fire and what he would call as Paradise that would be Hell-Fire and I warn you as Noah warned his people.

(Sahih Muslim: Book 41, Hadith 7014)

The appearance of Dajjal is one of the major signs of the doomsday. Dajjal is an adjective of Syriac origin. It is also a common Arabic word  whose root is dajl meaning lie or deception. Prophet Muhammad  (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prophesied 1400 years ago that Messiah  ad-Dajjal would be the last of a series of thirty Dajjal or deceivers.

Dajjal is a human. A man from amongst the nation of Adam. Allah created Dajjal as a test for mankind. Perhaps there’s no great tribulation sent on Earth greater than Dajjal.

Imran bin Hussain narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, ” Between the creation of  Adam and the coming of the Last Hour, there will arise no tribulation more serious than the Dajjal.”

(Sahih Muslim)

Dajjal is alive at present. He was alive at the time of Prophet Mohammed and he will be detained until Allah permits him to emerge. And one day, he will break the shackles in which he is chained.

He is blind in the right eye and his left eye looks like a protruding grape. On his head are the letters Kaaf Faa and Ra (Kafir). They are easy to decipher by any believer regardless of his/her literacy. He will be short and his legs will be crooked. The hair on his head will be extremely twisted. He is said to a young man of ruddy complexion, short, with a wide forehead, and broad upper chest.  his hair is thick and curly, and blind/defective in one eye.

It was also narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) mentioned the Dajjaal to the people and said: “Allah is not one-eyed, but the false messiah (al-maseeh al-dajjaal) is one-eyed, blind or defective in his right eye, with his eye looking like a floating grape…” (narrated by Bukhari, no. 3184)

Anas Ibn Malik reported that Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: There would be written three (Arabic) letters kaaf. fa. ra. spelling the word Kafir, between the eyes of the Dajjal.

The Messiah Dajjal is powerful and authoritative. And it will be due to his persuasive and commanding personality that people will blindly follow his footsteps. In a hadith, it has been said that a massive number of followers will be women.

Most of the followers of the Dajjal will be from among the Jews, Persians and Turks, and a mixture of other people, mostly Bedouins and women.

Imam Muslim narrated in his Saheeh (5237) from Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The followers of the Dajjal from among the Jews of Isfahaan will number seventy thousand, wearing heavy, striped garments.” According to a report narrated by Imam Ahmad, “Seventy thousand Jews, wearing crowns.”

(Hadith no. 12865).

Women get swayed easily and are sensitive. Perhaps, this sums up why majority of the followers of Dajjal are going to be women. By claiming that he has his own Paradise and Hell, the treacherous Dajjal will nobble away and induce those near him. But in reality, his alluring Paradise will be Hell and his execrable Hell will be Paradise.

The deception caused by Dajjal and his spell would run even on believers of Islam. A person who is firm in Islam would fall in his trap and get swayed by his words.

Hence it is advised by Allah’s Messenger that none of the believers should go near the Messiah Dajjal, even those firm upon religion, one should flee from him.

Indeed, the appearance of Dajjal is an exam for us. We never know if we are to encounter with the Messiah Dajjal. Hence, we all have got to prepare for this exam just how we prepare for our exams in schools/universities.

So my dear readers, let’s prepare ourselves to fight against the biggest trial ever. Let’s spend time in the way of our Lord. Let us know our Lord, know that He is not one-eyed, and that we can only see Him after death. Let us be firm in our religion; Islam. And let not our spirit and enthusiasm in learning Islam ebb away.

Bint Nayeem,

Writer, AAT

Begging

In the world we live, when credit and loans are so easily available…one no longer needs to trail the streets to be amongst those who ask without need. It is tantalisingly simple to obtain a loan, a few clicks of buttons and money that we don’t truly need, is filling our bank accounts. We bask in the luxury, not reflecting upon the consequences of our actions.

While many loans and credit will incur riba (interest or usury), a big crime in of itself, today our focus is on another aspect,

Sahl Ibn Handhaliyyah reported that the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Whoever asks people for money when he has what is sufficient for him is only asking for more of the embers of Hell.’ They asked him, ‘O Messenger of Allah! What is sufficient so that he does not have to ask for more?’ He said, ‘Having enough to eat lunch and dinner.’ (Abu Dawud)

What an amazing lesson and warning from our beloved Prophet who cared for us and wished that no harm should befall us. He left behind such words for us to cling on to, to live by so that we do not cause our own afflictions.

Holding a burning ember from this earth is torture enough, for anyone who has accidentally burnt themselves know that fire is not to be played with. However, the hadith mentions an ember from hell. Hell; whose fire is seventy times hotter than our earthly flames! Hell; whose heat alone causes faces to melt and bellies to boil. What would a burning ember from deep within it cause of pain! May Allah protect us.

My dear brothers and sisters. The responsibility is upon our shoulders. We have to stop our habits of begging, borrowing and asking without need. Let us learn to be content with what we have, and spend wisely and only from what is within our means.

Further to the threat of amassing burning embers, Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Messenger of Allah said, ‘whoever asks people for money when he has what is sufficient for him will come on the day of Judgement with scratches and lacerations on his face.’ (Ahmad)

Only Allah knows the severity of these lacerations, and how they came about, but nonetheless in no way are they pleasant. Rather they are an apparent manifestation of Allah’s displeasure, for the world to see, on a Day when everyone will be gathered. What an embarrassment it would be!

It was narrated that Qabeesah ibn Mukhaariq al-Hilaali said: The Messenger of Allah said: “O Qabeesah, asking for help is not permissible except in one of three cases: a man who has incurred a debt (in order to reconcile between two parties), for whom it is permissible to ask for help until he has paid it off, then he should refrain; a man who has been stricken by a calamity that has destroyed all his wealth, for whom it is permissible to ask for help until he gets enough to get by – or he gets enough to meet his basic needs; and a man who is stricken by poverty and three men of wisdom among his people acknowledge that So and so has been stricken by poverty, then it becomes permissible for him to ask for help until he gets enough to get by – or to meet his basic needs. Apart from these cases asking for help, O Qabeesah, is haram and the one who begs is consuming something haram.” (Ahmad, Muslim, an-Nasa’i and Abu Dawood)

Those who beg and take what they do not need, must be wary of the threat of punishment. They are consuming that which is unlawful for which there is a hefty price to pay in the akhirah.

In another hadith, our Prophet taught, “Charity is not permissible for a rich person, or for one who is strong and healthy.” (Bukhari, Muslim, Abu, Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)

Only ask for what you need, and do not exceed the limits. In this way, society will function in harmony, and the wealth can go to those are truly deserving of it, and in need of it.

On the other hand, for those who are the givers, these ahadith should in no way hinder our charity. Rather our hands and hearts should be open to give to others. Repulsing or chiding the beggar is also disallowed because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “and do not chide the one who asks for help.” [ad-Duha 93:10]

Furthermore, the Prophet peace be upon him taught us, “Allah helps His slave as long as he helps his brother.” (Muslim) What a great principle to live by! Believing in this and acting upon it prevents miserliness and stinginess. It limits greed, and teaches the believer to be generous whether with his time, effort or wealth.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “A man said: I shall certainly give charity. He went out with his charity and placed it in the hand of a thief. The next morning, they said: He gave charity to a thief. He said: O Allah, praise be to You; I shall certainly give charity (again). He went out with his charity and placed it in the hands of a prostitute. The next morning they said: Last night he gave charity to a prostitute. He said: O Allah, praise be to You for a prostitute. I shall certainly give charity (again).’ He went out with his charity and placed it in the hand of a rich man. The next morning, they said, Last night he gave charity to a rich man. He said: O Allah, to You be praise for a thief, a prostitute and a rich man. It was said to him: As for what you gave in charity to a thief, perhaps it will be the cause of his refraining from stealing; as for the prostitute, perhaps it will be the cause of her refraining from fornication; and as for the rich man, perhaps he will learn a lesson and spend from that which Allah has given him.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

If a person gives to one who is seemingly undeserving thinking that he is in need of it, he will still have his reward, for his actions is based on his intention, and he genuinely thought that person was in need, even if he later learns that he was not. His action is accepted and he will be rewarded, but as for the one who takes without need, then he needs to ponder upon the warnings issued by the messenger, and think twice before he takes or asks.

 

Ad-Dayyan

Allah’s Name “Ad-Dayyan” is one of the most unfamiliar Names. Yet it is a Name by which one builds courage, taqwa, and gratefulness even during times of trials and tribulations.  Let’s dig into the jewels this Name holds and find what glory it can bring into our lives.

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “the people will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection naked, uncircumcised and Buhman.’” A man asked: “What is Buhman?” He replied: “Nothing is with them. Then He (Allah) will call them with a sound that all those who are far can hear, as well as those who are near, ‘I am the King, I am the Dayyaan, there is no one from the people of Hell that will enter the Hell-Fire and he has a right with one of the people of Paradise until I set off his right. And there is no one from among the people of Paradise that will enter Paradise and he owes a right to one of the people of Hell, until I set off his right, even if it was a slap (on the face).’”[1]

Linguistically, “Ad-Dayyan” means “Judge”. The judge of Jewish court is also called as “dayyan”. Therefore, “Ad-Dayyan” is the One who judges our deeds and reward or punish according to it. Remember dear readers, the preposition “Al” makes the Name of Allah definite and perfect in quality. The Name is found in the Hadith of the Prophet (ﷺ) alone.

Allah (Praise be to him) gathers all the living creatures of the heaven and the earth­­ on the Last Day- who carry nothing of this world except their deeds. He (Glory be to Him) then recompense them for what they have done in their lives and judges them accordingly. It is the Sunnah of Allah that He recompenses everything.

 “So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it, And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.” (Surah zalzalah: 7-8)

Giving trouble to someone can be troublesome to us. The following hadith is what strikes fear in our hearts about Allah being “Ad-Dayyan”:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: “Do you know who is poor? They (the Companions of the Holy Prophet) said: A poor man amongst us is one who has neither dirham with him nor wealth. He (the Holy Prophet) said: The poor of my Umma would be he who would come on the Day of Resurrection with prayers and fasts and Zakat but (he would find himself bankrupt on that day as he would have exhausted his funds of virtues) since he hurled abuses upon others, brought calumny against others and unlawfully consumed the wealth of others and shed the blood of others and beat others, and his virtues would be credited to the account of one (who suffered at his hand). And if his good deeds fall short to clear the account, then his sins would be entered in (his account) and he would be thrown in the Hell-Fire.”[2]

And so Allah (Praise be to Him) says:

“And whatever strikes you of disaster – it is for what your hands have earned; but He pardons much.” (Surah ash-Shoora: 30)

A very famous quote of Caliph ‘Umar: “Bring yourself to account before you are taken to account. Weigh your deeds before your deeds are weighed.” Keeping track of our deeds before going to sleep helps plan for the next day to outweigh our bad deeds.

Dear seekers of knowledge, backbiting is one of the things to be retaliated and is one of frequent sins we commit consciously/unconsciously. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “O community of people, who believed by their tongue, and belief did not enter their hearts, do not back-bite Muslims, and do not search for their faults, for if anyone searches for their faults, Allah will search for his fault, and if Allah searches for the fault of anyone, He disgraces him in his house.” [3]

Hence, the next time you intend to backbite, remember this great name of Allah.

Let’s move on to the effects on the faith of a believer this magnificent Name has:

  1. A believer develops fear of Allah (Praise be to Him) and prevents his soul in doing acts that displeases his Lord.
  2. He prepares himself for the Day of Recompense with the best.
  3. On the Day of Judgment, a believer, after acknowledging that Allah ad-Dayyan does not do any amount of injustice; restrains in wronging others as well.

“This Day shall every person be recompensed for what he earned. No injustice (shall be done to anybody).” (Surah Ghafir: 17)

  1. When he is oppressed and defeated a believer is at ease because he fathoms that indeed Allah will have their rights given back from the tyrants.

“This Day every soul will be recompensed for what it earned. No injustice today! Indeed, Allah is swift in account.” (Surah Ghafir: 16)

Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Give people their rights. Even the hornless sheep will take retaliation from the horned sheep.”[4]

  1. A believer becomes submissive and content on the Universal and Legal Laws of Allah (Glory be to Him).
  2. If a sin similar to oppression has being committed by the believer then he repents to Allah following a good deed because Allah says:

“Indeed, Allah does not do injustice, [even] as much as an atom’s weight; while if there is a good deed, He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward.” (Surah an-Nisa: 40)

  1. After seeking Allah’s forgiveness, that believer must ask forgiveness from his brother whom he has oppressed:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Whoever has wronged his brother, should ask for his pardon (before his death), as (in the Hereafter) there will be neither a Dinar nor a Dirham. (He should secure pardon in this life) before some of his good deeds are taken and paid to his brother, or, if he has done no good deeds, some of the bad deeds of his brother are taken to be loaded on him (in the Hereafter).

_______________________________________

[1] Musnad Ahmed 3/495

[2] Sahih Muslim 2581

[3] Sunan Abi Dawud 4880

[4] Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 183, Book 9, Hadith 28

_______________________________________

Maliha Rahmat

What If You Don’t Love Them?

“The believers, men and women, are Awliyaa’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another.” [al-Tawbah 9:71]

I love the people I am surrounded with, they care for me and I care for them, they are kind to me and I am to them, even if they don’t show too much affection I show it to them, all because I love them. But what if I am surrounded by people I don’t love as they don’t love me as well? or what if the people I once loved are far away and my love decreases to a mere like for them? Is it wrong if I love some of my muslim brothers more than others? And should I treat them the same way as I treat my beloveds?

Let’s look at what Islam has to say about this?

First of all, we have to love our brothers in faith regardless of what they do or say, as stated in this hadith we should love as we want to receive love.

The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “No one of you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Also, Allah says in The Quran:

“Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e. Allah orders the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly) then verily he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend.” [Fussilat 41:34]

However, it isn’t wrong if you love someone more than someone else, as muslims vary in righteousness and piety and so it is obvious that people will love them more than others. There are other reasons as well when it comes to loving someone, like compatibility between souls, kindness, favours, proximity, similar aims are also a deciding factor of love. If your aims match his aims, there will be harmony between your soul and his, but if the aims are different, then harmony will no longer exist.

It isn’t easy to show love or kindness to people you don’t really love, thus Allah will give us tremendous rewards for our efforts in this regard,

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

Allah will say on the Day of Resurrection: Where are those who love each other for the sake of my glory? Today, I will shelter them in my shade, for it is a day when there is no shade but mine. (Muslim)

This means that two people love each other solely for the pleasure of Allah. Not in return for gifts or favours, or some other worldly benefit.

Mu’adh ibn Jabal reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

Allah the Exalted said: Those who love each other for the sake of My glory will be upon pulpits of light and they will be envied by the prophets and the martyrs. (Sunan At-Tirmidhi)

I hope this article will help us to treat the people we love and don’t love in a better way. Love is a matter of the heart, sometimes over which we have little control. Hence, we should act justly, despite the varying levels of love in all situations.

Fatima Damad

10 Benefits of Sabr

In the previous article, we discussed some lessons to be drawn from the concept of Sabr.

Now we will discuss the resulting benefits of sabr, the reward for it, and the greatness of this concept in Islam. Allah often advises us to patience and for good reason. Sabr is a noble quality to possess, and is regarded by all nations, no matter how civilised or backward to be a magnificent character. The benefits of this incredible concept are innumerable, from rewards in this life, to rewards that continue into the hereafter.

Allah exhorts His slaves to seek help with patience and prayer when facing calamities that may befall a person. Allah says, “And seek help in patience and As-Salaah (the prayer),” (al-Baqarah 2:45), for patience is a ticket to ease, a way out from afflictions, and a source of comfort and tranquillity.

We will mention just a few of the many benefits of sabr:

  • Victory: Just a relief comes with hardship, and ease after difficulty, victory is attained with patience. Victory in this worldly life and in the hereafter,

Regarding victory in this life against the disbelievers, Allah says,

“But if you remain patient and become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious), not the least harm will their cunning do to you. Surely, Allah surrounds all that they do,” (Aal ‘Imraan 3:120)

The life of this world is a short, temporary life, that will end soon. Bearing the struggles of this life by holding fast to the rope of Allah and being patient, for only a few short years after which a great reward awaits. The reward of paradise and deliverance from the hellfire is reserved for those who were patient, as Allah says,

 “Verily, I have rewarded them this Day for their patience; they are indeed the ones that are successful” [al-Mu’minoon 23:111] 

  • Sabr also brings an amazing source of support, for

“Surely, Allah is with those who are As‑Saabiroon (the patient),” [al-Anfaal 6:46]

It’s a source of support from the Lord of the Worlds, the Possessor of Might and Majesty, the One who has power to do as He wills, the One to whom all else is subservient!

  • Sabr brings power and strength:

“Verily, he who fears Allah with obedience to Him (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds, and by performing righteous good deeds), and is patient, then surely, Allah makes not the reward of the Muhsinoon (good‑doers) to be lost,” [Yusuf 12:90]

This is the example of Prophet Yusuf, who bore the trials of life with patience. He was thrown in a well, sold as a slave in an unknown land, lost his family, tempted to evil by the Aziz’s wife, imprisoned for a crime he did not commit and more, yet, he remained patient, and for all this he was rewarded with strength and power, and became a man of great status in the land.

  • Sabr brings Guidance:

Allah elevated the those who are patient by granting them the ability to recognise the signs of Allah, and thus guiding them. He distinguished them in this manner four times in the Qur’an,

“Truly, therein are Ayaat (evidences, proofs and signs) for every patient, thankful (person),” [Ibrahim 14:5; Luqman 31:31; Saba 24:19; Ash-Shura 42:33] 

  • To add to this list, Allah has granted the patient three special things, He says,

“But give glad tidings to the patient. Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: ‘Truly, to Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.’ They are those on whom are the Salawaat (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones,” [al-Baqarah 2:155-157]

Those who have sabr are blessed with the Salawaat, the mercy of Allah and His guidance. And what can be better than the ni’am (blessings) of Allah?!

  • The Reward of Allah:

“But those who had been given (religious) knowledge said: “Woe to you! The reward of Allah (in the Hereafter) is better for those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and this none shall attain except those who are As‑Saabiroon (the patient in following the truth).” (Qasas 28:80)

And none knows what Allah has kept, for what is in Jannah, no eye has seen, no ear has heard and it has not crossed the mind of any human being. It is beyond our imagination and better. So, have patience, my friends!

  • Forgiveness:

We sin by day and by night, our sins accumulate, and truly there is none who is forgiving but our Merciful Lord. He has reserved forgiveness for those who are patient,

 “Except those who show patience and do righteous good deeds: those, theirs will be forgiveness and a great reward (Paradise),” [Hood 11:11]

  • More Patience:

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “…whoever is patient Allah will bestow patience upon him, and no one is ever given anything better and more generous than patience.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

There is nothing better to have than the ability to be patient, and Allah gives it to those who exert effort in this regard more of this quality, and He makes it easy for them.

  • Compensation:

We all would like something in return for our efforts,

Umm Salamah said: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “There is no Muslim who is stricken with a calamity and says what Allah has enjoined – ‘Verily to Allah we belong and unto Him is our return. O Allah, reward me for my affliction and compensate me with something better’ – but Allah will compensate him with something better.”  (Muslim)

When one bears a calamity patiently, and invokes Allah with the supplication, then Allahw ill compensate him for what he lost. Imagine getting compensation from Allah…it is a concept we can barely grasp!

  • And last but in no way least, the love of Allah:

“And Allah loves As-Saabiroon (the patient).” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:146]

And what more could a person want? For we know from the hadith in Bukhari and Muslim that when Allah loves a person, He calls on Jibril and commands him to love this person, and all the inhabitants of the sky/heaven also, until acceptance on earth is decreed for this person, and he is loved. Would you not like to be amongst those whom Allah loves?

My brothers and sisters, patience is an honourable characteristic. It makes one dignified in times of hardship, and beautiful in times of ease. It is a character we should seek to learn and engrain in children. May Allah makes us amongst those who are patient.

 

 

5 Lessons Derived From Sabr

Often translated as patience, sabr is more than mere patience. Sabr in Islam is a deeper concept, it begins with taking up the means and striving, and ends with accepting the decree of Allah and being content with it. Sabr is not a mere fatalistic acceptance of the decree of Allah. Rather it includes action. The person must work, and put effort for the desired result, and when the result comes forth whether it is what he desired or otherwise, he knows and accepts that it is from the decree of Allah.

For example, a business man invests his wealth, he buys shares, monitors the stock markets and does everything in his ability to make the largest profit possible. He ensures that his transactions are done in a manner that is pleasing Allah and his seeks Allah’s counsel with every business decision he makes. However, if the stock market were to crash, or he was to be unsuccessful in that initiative he bears it patiently, and perseveres. He seeks the help of Allah in recovering his loss, and turns to Allah for support. All his actions, including the investment and his patience afterwards is part of sabr.

Similarly, if one loses a loved one unexpectedly, the shock and pain experienced is incomparable to any other loss. But with sabr, one comforts himself, knowing there is the meeting of the hereafter, they trust that Allah removed that person from their life for the best, and as such they endure it, they turn to Allah to ease their pain and make things easy for them. They do not question Allah’s actions, nor His wisdom in taking what He bestowed. Rather they are grateful for His favour upon them, of having such a wonderful person in their life and they move on seeking the pleasure of Allah, by being patient with the loss.

Sabr produces many benefits for the believer, especially in regards to their relationship with Allah, for Allah advocated sabr.

  • Sabr results in Gratefulness: with patience you are able to reflect on the good in everything, and thus you are grateful to Allah for everything He has decreed for you. As the prophet said, “Strange are the ways of a believer for there is good in every affair of his and this is not the case with anyone else except in the case of a believer for if he has an occasion to feel delight, he thanks (God), thus there is a good for him in it, and if he gets into trouble and shows resignation (and endures it patiently), there is a good for him in it.” (Muslim).

One who has sabr appreciates the little things and the big things. He recognises that there are blessings in every circumstance, as long as he remains patient.

  • Sabr makes one content with the Qadr of Allah: Suhayb (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “How wonderful is the affair of the believer, for his affairs are all good, and this applies to no one but the believer. If something good happens to him, he is thankful for it and that is good for him. If something bad happens to him, he bears it with patience and that is good for him.” (Muslim)

One learns to accept the Qadr after taking all the means, he learns that the Decree of Allah is final and Allah only bestows what is good for his servant.

  • Sabr teaches trust: Once one has come to terms with the Qadr they begin to trust Allah, for Allah is All-Knowing, Most Aware. They rely on Allah in moments of ease and difficulty, and bear all situations with a collected calmness. It makes the heart tranquil, and releases it from the pains of anxiety and depression.
  • Establishes the love of Allah in the heart of the slave: Sabr aids one to build a special relationship with Allah, a relationship built on trust and submission, and in turn involving love. A unique love of Allah finds root within the heart as the slave realises the patience he endures, has far-reaching rewards with Allah. Furthermore, once one has committed to accepting the Qadr after recognising it is good for him, one realises the greatness and magnanimity of Allah, and so his heart softens towards his Lord.
  • Sabr increases Iman: believing in the Qadr, having tawakkul (complete trust and reliance) on Allah, naturally increases iman, and one better’s their connection with their Lord, and gets ever-closer to Him. One begins to act in accordance to what is pleasing to Allah bearing the difficulties that arise with patience, and steadfastness.

 “But if you endure patiently, verily, it is better for As‑Saabiroon (the patient),” [An-Nahl 16:126]

Allah advises us to be patient throughout the Quran, in various ayaat, and it is no wonder, for patience generates abundant good in this life and even more in the hereafter. It strengthens the heart, and gives it a sense of tranquillity. In the words of the great Khalifah, ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul-‘Azeez (may Allah be pleased with him) who said, ‘Allah has not bestowed any blessing upon His slaves then taken it away and replaced it with patience, but what He has compensated them with is better than what He has taken away.’

 

The Epidemic of Social Media

The epidemic of social media has struck every home, it has swept the vast deserts, the plains, the mountains and all have been touch by this outbreak in the world of technology.

Whilst such advancements create new avenues, and opens a whole new world, it comes with a hefty price. Sadly, many who enter this realm are unprepared for the surge of consequences that result from overindulgence in this blessing.

Yes, social media is a blessing if we know how to use it in a manner pleasing to Allah. Like every device, there are instructions, and laws governing its use. Social media spans so many areas of our lives, it is essential that we cross-examine its usage, especially in terms of our deen. For our deen, is our mode of living, it is not merely a religion reserved for worship rituals. Islam governs every aspect of our daily life, because it is a way of life, a system of living. The entire purpose we are in existence is to be subservient to Allah and His commands.

  1. Male and Female interaction: Modern technology has created an e-community, in which people can interact in a virtual world. What we must realise is what is prohibited in the real world, is also prohibited in the virtual world.

Just as it is prohibited for you to freely interact with the opposite gender, or make small talk or engage in unnecessary conversation in the real world, the same applies online also. Private messages, chatrooms, and commenting and liking posts should all be governed by the same principle that forbids us to engage freely with the opposite gender in the real world.

Similarly, just as you are commanded to lower you gaze in the real world, the same applies online. Browsing non-mahram profiles, uploading personal images and sharing them with the opposite gender is all impermissible.

2) Spreading religious Knowledge: It has become ever so easy to pass on messages, with the simple click of a few buttons. You no longer have to memorise the information, nor expend energy in repeating it with your voice.

Sadly, many forward on messages without verifying its origins or source. Whether this is religious knowledge or otherwise, senders should be careful.

In terms of religious knowledge, it carries an extra burden, to lie against Allah is a big error indeed. And to lie against the Prophet is no less. We have been warned in various forms against doing either of these two:

Allah says (the translation of which is),

“And when they commit an immorality, they say, “We found our fathers doing it, and Allah has ordered us to do it.” Say, “Indeed, Allah does not order immorality. Do you say about Allah that which you do not know?” (07:28)

And it is authentically reported from the Prophet that he said,

“Whoever (intentionally) ascribes to me what I have not said then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire.” (Bukhari)

Often times, innovated acts of worship are circulated, many a times with a good intention. But this is insufficient, for our religion requires, not only a good intention, but actions that are in accordance with the Sunnah and what Allah has prescribed. Furthermore, the goal of earning Jannah and the pleasure of Allah, does not justify the means, unless it is in accordance to the commands of Allah and the actions of the Prophet peace be upon him.

Today to protect the sunnah is equal to protecting the body and person of Rasulullah, as such we should aim to uphold his practices in their purest form without addition or subtraction. Rasulullah is our beloved and we should aim to protect him and his sunnah to our utmost best.

3) The Loss of Haya:

Many think that because they are behind a screen and people cannot see them directly, they can behave as they please without being judged. But they forget that Allah is watching them. How many have uploaded and shared images that are inappropriate, on ‘secret’ accounts? How many have typed things online, they would never dare to say in person? And how many have visited sites which contain forbidden, yet they would never walk into similar places in real life?

Your attitude online should not be any different to your real character. Do not fear the eyes of people, or their unapproving comments. Rather fear the one who gave you the faculties that you use in His disobedience. Know that He is All-Aware, All-Seeing and Hearing, whether you are using social media or otherwise.

4) Publicising Sins:

Posting pictures, statuses, and more of yourself engaged in sin, carries a high risk. Ponder upon this hadith:

Abu Hurayrah said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “All of my ummah will be forgiven except those who sin openly. It is a part of sinning openly when a man does something at night, then the following morning when Allah has concealed his sin, he says, ‘O So and so, I did such and such last night,’ when all night his Lord has concealed him and the next morning he uncovers what Allah had concealed.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Allah of sin, no doubt, but we should conceal it. Keep it as private matter. By publicising it, not only does a person risk losing the forgiveness of Allah, but also such a person makes the sin acceptable among the people, until the people grow to accept it. And what once was a big sin, becomes a norm, as everyone is accustomed to seeing it and immune to it.

5) Incessant Messaging: Dealing with the high volume of messages, we are naturally going to suffer from an information overload. Reminders become mere words on a screen and quickly lose their essence. Rarely do we benefit from what we read, because we barely get a chance to absorb it and digest it, let alone ponder over it. It’s all good sending islamic messages and reminders, but, we should do so in a way that benefits ourselves and others. It’s best to send one reminder at a time, so that the audience can read it, understand it, apppreciate it, and remember it so that they can apply it later on. Furthermore, such a practice is found in the Sunnah. The Prophet did not overwhelm his companions with reminders, so as to bore them. Rather he spaced out his teachings, a time for learning, reflecting, and other times for other things. Similarly Ibn Mas’ud only used to teach once a week. When his students requested more lessons, he refused despite their zeal, fearing they would get bored, and suffer a drop in iman from being over whelmed. So, take it easy with the reminders, especially in group chats. If a person has sent a reminder, send yours a little later.

To conclude, the world is now one, communities that were previously restricted by geographical landscapes can now connect and unite together. How amazing is the effects of these tools? We can benefit a lot from social media, it is not all doom and gloom. Beneficial reminders, online classes, lectures, and research are some of the benefits of social media and the online community. I mean, who would have thought in the time of the Prophet that indeed the ummah would be one ummah connected in unimaginable ways? Alhamdulilah, social media is an immense blessing.

We simply have to be responsible with it. Like with everything we have and use, we will be questioned about it on the Day of Resurrection. The rules that apply in the real world, apply in the virtual world too. Every little deed, will be recorded, and you will be accounted for it on the Day of Judgement.