Ar-Razzaq and Ar-Raaziq

Dear readers, our life in this world is full of trials and tribulations through which Allah (Praise be to Him) tests His believers. One of these tests of faith is the scarcity of wealth and provisions. Allah says: “And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient…”[1] Often times a great number of people succumb to despair following these calamities and forgetting that it is Allah alone who is Ar-Raaziq and Ar-Razzaq. Let us understand how Allah is the All-Provider and how we can attain His pleasure through these Names.

The origin of both the Names is r-z-q- which means provision, provision which is continuous. “Ar-Razzaq” is the superlative of “Ar-Raaziq”. The name “Ar-Razzaq” is found in the Qur’an once and “Ar-Raaziq” is found the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

“Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider (Ar-Razzaq), the firm possessor of strength.”[2]

Narrated by Anas bin Malik: “Prices rose during the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), and they said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, prices have risen, so fix the prices for us.’ He said: ‘Indeed Allah is Al- Musa’ir, Al-Qabid, Al- Basit, Ar-Raaziq (the Provider). And I am hopeful that I meet my Lord and none of you are seeking (recompense from) me for an injustice involving blood or wealth.”[3]

Allah alone is Ar-Raaziq and Ar-Razzaq, who is the benefactor of all the creatures and is sufficient and responsible in keeping the people competent by providing them their nourishments. His provision is not limited, be it a believer or a non-believer He provides indiscriminately. His provision reaches to the weak that has got no source of income and excuse just as it reaches a strong and a hardworking person.

Contemplating from the above, we find that Allah’s provision is of two types:

  1. A type of provision which has a source. For example; trade, manufacture, and agriculture for which we strive hard.

“And We have made for you therein means of living and [for] those for whom you are not providers.”[4]

  1. A provision which does not have a source. The destined provision reaches down without any effort such as rain, or through someone. Another way it reaches is without any struggle or even a receiver.

The beauty of Allah’s provision is that He provides through a source or without any source, with supplication or without supplication.

Not only that, Allah Ar-Raaziq Ar-Razzaq commands His believers to spend whatever provision granted to you in the way of Allah (Glory be to Him):

“O you who have believed, spend from that which We have provided for you before there comes a Day in which there is no exchange and no friendship and no intercession. And the disbelievers – they are the wrongdoers.”[5]

Sh. ‘Abdul ‘Azeem ‘Umri comments: “having wealth in hands is not a crisis only if it does not begin to occupy space in the hearts.”

Allah (Praise be to Him) being Ar-Raaziq Ar-Razzaq demands from His servants to stand firm on Tawheed (Oneness of Allah),  be gratefulness and obedient to Him:

“Allah is the one who created you, then provided for you, then will cause you to die, and then will give you life. Are there any of your “partners” who does anything of that? Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him.”[6]

“O you who have believed, eat from the good things which We have provided for you and be grateful to Allah if it is [indeed] Him that you worship.[7]

Ar-Raaziq also tells His servants that Taqwa and good deeds are means through which he/she can obtain His subsistence:

“…and whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him. Indeed, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Allah has already set for everything a [decreed] extent.”[8]

“And those who have believed and done righteous deeds – for them is forgiveness and noble provision.”[9]

In the Glory of these two beautiful Names of Allah, Sheikh Nasir as-Sa’di writes: “Ar-Razzaq is the One who provides for all of His servants, there is not a creature on the earth except that Allah provides for it.” He has divided Allah’s provision into two types:

  1. The general provision which extends to the righteous and the sinner, the first and the last. This is the provision that is required by the bodies and is apparent.

“And how many a creature carries not its [own] provision. Allah provides for it and for you. And He is the Hearing, the Knowing.”[10]

No one can acquire its subsistence, collect it, and protect it except whom Allah provides. He determines provision for the weak and makes easy for them to acquire (the provision). “And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage. All is in a clear register.” [11]

Every creature receives his provision which is befitting to it alone, for instance, a bird that is in the sky and a fish that is in the water.

  1. The specific provision —in that a believer is not humiliated during the process of gaining this provision and this provision is hidden. This provision makes him reach ranks- ranks which of two categories:
  2. Provision of the hearts which is nourishing them with beneficial knowledge and Eeman (faith).
  3. Provision of the body which is lawful that has being appointed for the benefit of the religion, apportioned in accordance to their differing levels and what His Wisdom and Mercy dictate.

“[Allah said], “O messengers, eat from the good foods and work righteousness. Indeed, I, of what you do, am Knowing.” [12]

Undoubtedly, Allah Ar-Raaziq Ar-Razzaq’s ultimate provision is attained in the Paradise:

“Whoever does an evil deed will not be recompensed except by the like thereof; but whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – those will enter Paradise, being given provision therein without account.[13]

“This is what you, [the righteous], are promised for the Day of Account. Indeed, this is Our provision; for it there is no depletion.[14]

Having an insight on the Names is not enough for the believer but rather a believer acts and lives accordingly:

  • A believer who acknowledges these two beautiful Names of Allah (Glory be to Him) does not live with fear or stinginess. His destined provision will certainly reach him today or tomorrow. “Indeed provision finds man more than death finds him.”[15]

“And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin.”[16]

  • He/she does not get disheartened when discovering the transgressors receiving Allah’s provision in abundance because Allah (Praise be to Him) says:

“And they said, “We are more [than the believers] in wealth and children, and we are not to be punished.” Say, “Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it], but most of the people do not know.” And it is not your wealth or your children that bring you nearer to Us in position, but it is [by being] one who has believed and done righteousness. For them there will be the double reward for what they did, and they will be in the upper chambers [of Paradise], safe [and secure].”[17]

  • Whatever provision a believer receives he spends in the way of Allah Ar-Razzaq and removes misery from his heart.
  • A believer’s eyes are not on the provision which is temporary but on the provision which is ever-lasting.

Whatever you have will end, but what Allah has is lasting. And We will surely give those who were patient their reward according to the best of what they used to do.”[18]

O Allah, We ask You for beneficial knowledge, goodly provision and acceptable deeds.

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[1] Surah al-Baqarah: 155

[2] Surah adh-Dhariyaat: 58

[3] Sunan Ibn Majah: Vol. 3, Book 12, Hadith 2200

[4] Surah al-Hijr:20

[5] Surah al-Baqarah:254

[6] Surah ar-Rum: 40

[7] Surah al-Baqarah: 172

[8] Surah at-Talaq: 2-3

[9] Surah al-Hajj: 50

[10] Surah al-Ankabut: 60

[11] Surah Hud: 6

[12] Surah al-Mu’minun: 51

[13] Surah Ghafir: 40

[14] Surah Saad:54

[15] Jami’ as-Saheeh:1630

[16] Surah al-Isra: 31

[17] Surah Saba: 35-37

[18] Surah an-Nahl: 96

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