Category Archives: Asma Was Sifaat

Learning about the beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah

Al-Fattah

The ongoing wars on Muslim lands are yet another tragedy on our Ummah.  And when we are sitting in front of our computer screens, reading the news, one of many thoughts that cross our minds is “are these the means in which the kuffar are going to take over us ?”, we delve into endless anxiety. Here, we are forgetting the ultimate solution that Allah has given to all of the mankind, and that is “And whoever has taqwa of Allah, He will make for him a way out, and will provide for him from where he does not expect” because one of the Beautiful Names of Allah is “Al-Fattah”. Let’s find out more on how Allah “Al-Fattah” gives hope, strength, and serenity to His believers.

Linguistically, “Fattah” means “to let loose any closed thing”, “to distance confusion”. To distance sorrow, anxiety, poverty, detailing, explaining, revealing are the explicit meaning of “Fattah”. It also means “to judge”, “command”, “open”, “unfold”, “permit”, and “giving victory”.

Allah “Al-Fattah” is the One who opens the door of Provisions and Mercy for His servants, and also discloses the sources of our provisions. He makes accessible to us the favors which we seek.

“Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds – none can release it thereafter. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”[1]

He (Praise be to Him) precipitates riches of this life and the hereafter for those whose hearts He has unlocked with care. Those riches include knowledge of faith, Asma and Sifaat of Allah, ways to gain His pleasure, and guidance towards the straight path. He unlocks the treasures of goodness and gratitude for His obedient servants and shuts those treasures for His enemies. This is His Grace and Justness.

Similarly, He (Glory be to Him) unlocks the goodness as a means of trials and Wisdom.

“So when they forgot that by which they had been reminded, We opened to them the doors of every [good] thing until, when they rejoiced in that which they were given, We seized them suddenly, and they were [then] in despair.”[2]

Hasan Al-Basri said, “Whomever Allah gives provision and he thinks that Allah is not testing him, has no wisdom. Whomever has little provision and thinks that Allah will not look at (provide for) him, has no wisdom.” He then recited the Ayah, “So, when they forgot (the warning) with which they had been reminded, We opened to them the gates of every (pleasant) thing, until in the midst of their enjoyment in that which they were given, all of a sudden, We took them to punishment, and lo! They were plunged into destruction with deep regrets and sorrows.” He added, “By the Lord of the Ka`bah! Allah deceived these people, when He gave them what they wished, and then they were punished.” (Ibn Abi Hatim recorded this statement)

Furthermore, Allah al-Fattah is the best of the judges who is always Just in His judgment and never ever nonchalant while judging. On the Day of Resurrection, He will judge between His creations when every doer will receive according to deeds performed. He doesn’t need any witness as nothing is hidden from Him. Dear readers, now we know why this Names brings hope to the oppressed, isn’t it?

“And [you will obtain] another [favor] that you love – victory from Allah and an imminent conquest; and give good tidings to the believers.”[3]

He judges with equity and truth by which He grants them victory in:

  • this life i.e., knowledge Islam,
  • rewarding them,
  • and decree i.e., send down their fate (daily, weekly, monthly, yearly) with Wisdom.

Allah al-Fattah gives victory to those who help the truth and are truthful to themselves and others. He unveils between truth and falsehood. He makes the truth apparent and describes it; erases the falsehood and make it known falsehood. Likewise, He (Praise be to Him) disgraces the people of falsehood and those who spread such falsehood.

“If you [disbelievers] seek the victory – the defeat has come to you. And if you desist [from hostilities], it is best for you; but if you return [to war], We will return, and never will you be availed by your [large] company at all, even if it should increase; and [that is] because Allah is with the believers.”[4]

Undoubtedly, in every story of the Prophets there are lessons for us. When Prophet Noah pleaded Allah al-Fattah as stated in the Qur’an:

““Then judge between me and them with decisive judgment and save me and those with me of the believers.” So We (Allah) saved him and those with him in the laden ship.””[5]

Indeed, greatest of this Name is such that His (Praise be to Him) chosen servants­ amongst the messengers, Prophets, and believers approach the enemies of Islam and become victorious in both the lives. Subhan Allah!

Having learnt of this beautiful Name, a believer’s heart has the following positive effects:

  1. He allows every good to enter in his heart, family, and surroundings and restricts every evil likewise. His every opening is for good and every closing is for evil.
  2. He returns towards Allah al-Fattah in every state he is in for which he is rewarded with beneficial knowledge, faith, guidance, provisions, and immense Mercy.

“…Our Lord, decide between us and our people in truth, and You are the best of those who give decision.”[6]

Maliha Rahmat

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[1] Surah Fatir: 2

[2] Surah al-An’am: 44

[3] Surah Saf: 13

[4] Surah al-Anfal: 19

[5] Surah ash-Shu’rah: 118

[6] Surah al-A’raf:89

Ad-Dayyan

Allah’s Name “Ad-Dayyan” is one of the most unfamiliar Names. Yet it is a Name by which one builds courage, taqwa, and gratefulness even during times of trials and tribulations.  Let’s dig into the jewels this Name holds and find what glory it can bring into our lives.

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “the people will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection naked, uncircumcised and Buhman.’” A man asked: “What is Buhman?” He replied: “Nothing is with them. Then He (Allah) will call them with a sound that all those who are far can hear, as well as those who are near, ‘I am the King, I am the Dayyaan, there is no one from the people of Hell that will enter the Hell-Fire and he has a right with one of the people of Paradise until I set off his right. And there is no one from among the people of Paradise that will enter Paradise and he owes a right to one of the people of Hell, until I set off his right, even if it was a slap (on the face).’”[1]

Linguistically, “Ad-Dayyan” means “Judge”. The judge of Jewish court is also called as “dayyan”. Therefore, “Ad-Dayyan” is the One who judges our deeds and reward or punish according to it. Remember dear readers, the preposition “Al” makes the Name of Allah definite and perfect in quality. The Name is found in the Hadith of the Prophet (ﷺ) alone.

Allah (Praise be to him) gathers all the living creatures of the heaven and the earth­­ on the Last Day- who carry nothing of this world except their deeds. He (Glory be to Him) then recompense them for what they have done in their lives and judges them accordingly. It is the Sunnah of Allah that He recompenses everything.

 “So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it, And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.” (Surah zalzalah: 7-8)

Giving trouble to someone can be troublesome to us. The following hadith is what strikes fear in our hearts about Allah being “Ad-Dayyan”:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: “Do you know who is poor? They (the Companions of the Holy Prophet) said: A poor man amongst us is one who has neither dirham with him nor wealth. He (the Holy Prophet) said: The poor of my Umma would be he who would come on the Day of Resurrection with prayers and fasts and Zakat but (he would find himself bankrupt on that day as he would have exhausted his funds of virtues) since he hurled abuses upon others, brought calumny against others and unlawfully consumed the wealth of others and shed the blood of others and beat others, and his virtues would be credited to the account of one (who suffered at his hand). And if his good deeds fall short to clear the account, then his sins would be entered in (his account) and he would be thrown in the Hell-Fire.”[2]

And so Allah (Praise be to Him) says:

“And whatever strikes you of disaster – it is for what your hands have earned; but He pardons much.” (Surah ash-Shoora: 30)

A very famous quote of Caliph ‘Umar: “Bring yourself to account before you are taken to account. Weigh your deeds before your deeds are weighed.” Keeping track of our deeds before going to sleep helps plan for the next day to outweigh our bad deeds.

Dear seekers of knowledge, backbiting is one of the things to be retaliated and is one of frequent sins we commit consciously/unconsciously. The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “O community of people, who believed by their tongue, and belief did not enter their hearts, do not back-bite Muslims, and do not search for their faults, for if anyone searches for their faults, Allah will search for his fault, and if Allah searches for the fault of anyone, He disgraces him in his house.” [3]

Hence, the next time you intend to backbite, remember this great name of Allah.

Let’s move on to the effects on the faith of a believer this magnificent Name has:

  1. A believer develops fear of Allah (Praise be to Him) and prevents his soul in doing acts that displeases his Lord.
  2. He prepares himself for the Day of Recompense with the best.
  3. On the Day of Judgment, a believer, after acknowledging that Allah ad-Dayyan does not do any amount of injustice; restrains in wronging others as well.

“This Day shall every person be recompensed for what he earned. No injustice (shall be done to anybody).” (Surah Ghafir: 17)

  1. When he is oppressed and defeated a believer is at ease because he fathoms that indeed Allah will have their rights given back from the tyrants.

“This Day every soul will be recompensed for what it earned. No injustice today! Indeed, Allah is swift in account.” (Surah Ghafir: 16)

Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Give people their rights. Even the hornless sheep will take retaliation from the horned sheep.”[4]

  1. A believer becomes submissive and content on the Universal and Legal Laws of Allah (Glory be to Him).
  2. If a sin similar to oppression has being committed by the believer then he repents to Allah following a good deed because Allah says:

“Indeed, Allah does not do injustice, [even] as much as an atom’s weight; while if there is a good deed, He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward.” (Surah an-Nisa: 40)

  1. After seeking Allah’s forgiveness, that believer must ask forgiveness from his brother whom he has oppressed:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Whoever has wronged his brother, should ask for his pardon (before his death), as (in the Hereafter) there will be neither a Dinar nor a Dirham. (He should secure pardon in this life) before some of his good deeds are taken and paid to his brother, or, if he has done no good deeds, some of the bad deeds of his brother are taken to be loaded on him (in the Hereafter).

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[1] Musnad Ahmed 3/495

[2] Sahih Muslim 2581

[3] Sunan Abi Dawud 4880

[4] Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 183, Book 9, Hadith 28

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Maliha Rahmat

Ash-Shakir and Ash-Shakoor

My mom always mentions how inexpensive the life they’ve lived- not knowing inflation, recession, or the likes of it. Fruits and vegetables were fresh and cheaply purchased. They found barakah in time, sleep, money, food, etc. We were blessed with such things once upon a time…but something happened which led our bestowments we had enjoyed to be gradually taken away.

Understanding Allah’s Names “Ash-Shakir” “Ash-Shakoor” solves the mystery of today’s grieving society.

Ash-Shakir and Ash-Shakoor came from the common root word sha-ka-ra; linguistically meaning indebted, grateful, being thankful, gratefulness, appreciative, to produce, and supply. “Ash-Shakoor” is the superlative form of Ash-Shakir.

Allah Ash-Shakir, Ash-Shakoor is the One who is pleased with His servants’ obedience and gratefulness (though little) in response to His frequent rain of favors. He is the One who gives abundantly in response to little. “Ash-Shakir” occurred twice in the Qur’an whereas “Ash-Shakoor” occurred 4 times.

Allah being “Ash-Shakoor” is His reward and Grace. He values those who are thankful to Him and mentions them. The below stated aayah is what the people of Paradise say when they find their final abode:

“And they will say, “Praise to Allah, who has removed from us [all] sorrow. Indeed, our Lord is Forgiving and Appreciative (Ash-Shakoor)” (Surah Fatir: 34)

Dear readers, here Allah tells us that His believing servants, who recite and believe in His Book, and do the deeds prescribed in it such as establishing regular prayer at the prescribed times, night and day, spending (in charity) out of that which Allah has provided for them secretly and openly, they hope for a reward from Allah which will inevitably be theirs. (Tafseer ibn Katheer)

Allah is Ash-Shakir, Ash-Shakoor; He never allows any deed go unrewarded:

“[And it will be said], “Indeed, this is for you a reward, and your effort has been appreciated (Mashkoora).”” (Surah al-Insaan: 22)

“But whoever desires the Hereafter and exerts the effort due to it while he is a believer – it is those whose effort is ever appreciated [by Allah] (Mashkoora).” (Surah al-Israa: 19)

A sign of Allah’s appreciation is that He multiplies reward for a single deed performed:

“…And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.” (Surah ash-Shuraa: 23)

He (Praise be to Him) awards His servants countlessly:

“The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.” (Surah al-Baqarah: 261)

Imaam al-Gazali (may Allah have mercy on him) translates Ash Shakoor as “The One Who Expresses Thankfulness by rewarding bounteously”. He goes on to say that Ash Shakur is “the One Who rewards trivial pious deeds with many grades, and the one who gives unlimited happiness in the life to come for activity during a limited period (in this life). The one who rewards the good deed with multiples of it is said to be thankful for that good deed, and the one who praises the performer of this good deed is also said to be thankful for it. If you consider multiple rewards (to be the criterion in this matter), then there can be no absolute Ash Shakur except God Most High, because His increase of the reward is not restricted and limited since the blessings of Paradise are infinite.”

Now that we have understood their meanings, in the next session we will find out how a believer should react to the acknowledgment of these Names and what must he/she do to have an imperishable bestowment from Allah (Praise be to Him).

Maliha Rahmat

Al-Aziz


“And let not their speech grieve you. Indeed, honor [due to power] belongs to Allah entirely. He is the Hearing, the Knowing.”
(Surah Yunus: 65)

With the recent commotion about the power in the hands of dictators/ elected leaders, we have become cynical about the Supreme decrees. We are in need of reminders and acknowledgment of Allah’s Beautiful Name “Al-‘Aziz”. This Name has occurred 92 times in Qur’an alone! Linguistically, Allah’s name “Al-‘Aziz” came from the root word ز- ز- ع meaning: Precious, Mighty, Invincible, Noble, Unattainable, Prevalent, and Glorious.

Allah (Glory Be to Him) is “’Aziz” and none can overcome Him.  For Him is the honor of obedience. Because of His Greatness no harm touches Him.

Every calamity is disgraceful before His Glory. Everything breaks in front of His Power. He is matchless, perfect from every aspect, and none is like Him.

Allah “Al-‘Aziz” is severe in retaliation. If He (Praise be to Him) takes vengeance then none can stop Him or run away from Him.

No man has the right to question any legislation that Allah has laid for us. Only Allah can give honor to those who believe.

“Whoever desires honor [through power] – then to Allah belongs all honor. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it. But they who plot evil deeds will have a severe punishment, and the plotting of those – it will perish. “(Surah Fatir: 10)

The meaning of His Greatness points towards His Oneness and purity from all kind of partners. Therefore, we should direct all our worships to “Al-‘Azeez”.

Allah is ‘Aziz, He gives honor to whomever he wills. He never disgraces those who seek His help.

“Say, “O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent.” (Surah al-Aal ‘Imran: 26)

Our eyes are restrained from reaching His perfect Glory and our minds ceased from comprehending the hows of that Glory.

Exalted is your Lord, the Lord of might, above what they describe.” (Surah as-Saffat: 180)

Al-‘Aziz has a right to be praised due to His Nobility.

“And they resented them not except because they believed in Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Praiseworthy,” (Surah al-Burooj: 8)

Having learnt the linguistic and Islamic definitions, it is essential that we ponder on its effect on the believers so that we take the medicine we really need:

  1. A believer develops respect for the religion Islam. This respect elevates him/her due to the obedience of Allah (praise be to Him) and prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). This dignity helps him/her to walk on the path of the pious.

“They say, “If we return to al-Madinah, the more honored [for power] will surely expel therefrom the more humble.” And to Allah belongs [all] honor, and to His Messenger, and to the believers, but the hypocrites do not know.” (Surah al-Munafiqoon: 8)

  1. Whoever is seeking dignity is this life and the hereafter then he should believe in the One. A believer does not search for honor in people.
  2. A believer shows humbleness towards the other believers because Allah says:

“Do not extend your eyes toward that by which We have given enjoyment to [certain] categories of the disbelievers, and do not grieve over them. And lower your wing to the believers.” (Surah al-Hijr: 88)

  1. A believer is content with the decree of Allah the Almighty.
  2. If a person firmly believes in the Power of Allah (Praise be to Him) and that He is pure from any kind of flaws, his Imaan (faith) increases in Him.
  3. There is honor in forgiving people and a believer never misses a chance:

“And let not those of virtue among you and wealth swear not to give [aid] to their relatives and the needy and the emigrants for the cause of Allah , and let them pardon and overlook. Would you not like that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Surah noor: 22)

 

“O Allah! To You I have submitted, and in You do I believe, and in You I put my trust, to You do I turn, and for You I argued. O Allah, I seek refuge with You through Your Power; there is none worthy of worship except You Alone; that You safeguard me against going astray. You are the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists; the One Who never dies, whereas human beings and jinn will all die.”

 

Al-Warith

“And indeed, it is We who give life and cause death, and We are the Inheritor.” (Surah al-Hijr: 23)

The Name “Al-Warith” occurred three times in the Qur’an; all in the plural form. Linguistically, “Al-Warith” means an heir, inheritor, owner, sustainer, and survivor. The general usage of the word “inheritor” means a person who receives estate of another after death which legally wasn’t in his/her. How is Allah “the Inheritor”?

Allah “Al-Warith” is the Only One who remains after everything perishes in the heavens and the earth. He is the Successor who has/had no predecessor.  He is, and has always been, the Owner of Everything which He bequeaths.  When He blesses us with life and sustenance, we return to Him leaving both (death). Allah (Glory be to Him) is the best Inheritor.

  • Allah (Praise be to Him) inherits from His bounties to whomever He wills and to whomever He loves:

“Moses said to his people, “Seek help through Allah and be patient. Indeed, the earth belongs to Allah. He causes to inherit it whom He wills of His servants. And the [best] outcome is for the righteous.” (Surah al-A’raaf: 128)

  • He (Glory be to Him) makes His true believers inheritors over the disbelievers in this life and the hereafter:

“And He caused you to inherit their land and their homes and their properties and a land which you have not trodden. And ever is Allah, over all things, competent.” (Surah al-Ahzab: 27)

  • He (Glory be to Him) chose amongst them inheritors of His Books though we have differences in levels, conditions, etc., but everyone got their part of the Books’ inheritance:

“Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chosen of Our servants; and among them is he who wrongs himself, and among them is he who is moderate, and among them is he who is foremost in good deeds by permission of Allah. That [inheritance] is what is the great bounty.” (Surah Fatir: 32)

Dear readers, let’s talk about inheritance of money about which Allah (Praise be to Him) says: “Your wealth and your children are but a trial…” (Surah at-Taghabun: 15)

Allah “Al-Warith” inspires the believers to spend his/her wealth in the cause of Allah (Glory be to Him) granted to you and made you His representatives:

“Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made you successors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward.”  (Surah al-Hadid: 8)

Prophet Zakariyyah (may peace be upon him) asked Allah (Praise be to Him) for an heir when his wife was barren, and the result of his sincerity was as follows in the aayah:

“And [mention] Zakariyyah, when he called to his Lord, “My Lord, do not leave me alone [with no heir], while you are the best of inheritors.” So We responded to him, and We gave to him Yahya (John), and amended for him his wife. Indeed, they used to hasten to good deeds and supplicate Us in hope and fear, and they were to Us humbly submissive.”

It should also be noted that Prophets (peace be upon them all) never supplicated an heir for wealth but rather for inheritors of knowledge and Da’wah (calling towards Allah). Allah “Al-Warith” is the only One who makes us the successor and the predecessor of each other.

We also need to beware of the consequence of heedlessness towards what has been temporarily inherited to us because He (Glory Be to Him) says:

“And how many a city have We destroyed that was insolent in its [way of] living, and those are their dwellings which have not been inhabited after them except briefly. And it is We who were the inheritors.” (Surah al-Qasas: 58)

“Indeed, it is We who will inherit the earth and whoever is on it, and to Us they will be returned.” (Surah Mariam: 40)

In the above aayah, Allah “Al-Warith” warns every being who became heedless in this worldly life that this life will soon be separated from him.  Allah is informing that He is the Creator, the Owner and the Controller of all matters. All of the creation will be destroyed and only He, the Most High and Most Holy, will remain. There is no one who can claim absolute ownership and control of affairs besides Him. He is the Inheritor of all His creation. He is the Eternal, Who will remain after they are gone and He is the Judge of their affairs. Therefore, no soul will be done any injustice, nor wronged even the weight of a mosquito or an atom. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer)

Having learnt about the greatness of Allah’s Name “Al-Warith”, a believer develops the following characteristics:

  1. A believer acknowledges his good deeds as only true inheritance.

“That is Paradise, which We give as inheritance to those of Our servants who were fearing of Allah.” (Surah Mariam: 63)

  1. He also constantly fears Allah (Glory be to Him) in the issues of rights of inheritance and does not nor will do injustice to his/her inheritors.
  2. The only thing Prophets (May peace and blessings be upon them all) bequeathed knowledge, thus a believer embraces the circles of true knowledge.
  3. A believer always hopes that Allah (Praise be to Him) grants him/her progeny and never grieves if that favor hasn’t been granted anytime. He/she should supplicate: “My Lord, grant me [a child] from among the righteous.” (Rabbī hablī min as-Sāliheen)

“O Allah, give me pleasure in my hearing and my sight, and make it the inheritor from me, and aid me against whoever oppresses me, and take vengeance from him for me (Allāhumma matti`nī bisam`ī wa baṣarī waj`alhumal-wāritha minnī, wanṣurnī `alā man yaẓlimunī, wa khudh minhu bitha’rī)” (Jami’ at-Tirmidhi: 3604)

 

 

 

Al-Witr

al-witr

“Allah has ninety-nine Names, i.e., one hundred minus one, and whoever believes in their meanings and acts accordingly, will enter Paradise; and Allah is Witr (one) and loves ‘the witr’ (i.e., odd numbers).” (Sahih al-Bukhari 6410)

Dear readers, this session we bring you the most uniquely beautiful Name of Allah (Glory be to Him) “Al-Witr”.

Linguistically, “Al-Witr” means single (fard), One, unique, odd- which cannot have two counts, no pair. This name has occurred not in the Qur’an but in the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Allah (Glory be to Him) is “Al-Witr” in His Lordship (Ruboobiyyah). He is the Only Creator of everything who has no associates in His Dominance nor is He in need of any aid in managing the affairs of the worlds.

“And say, “Praise to Allah , who has not taken a son and has had no partner in [His] dominion and has no [need of a] protector out of weakness; and glorify Him with [great] glorification.”” (Surah Israa, 17:111)

Allah Al-Witr has no partner in His “essence” and He (Praise be to Him) is discrete with perfection. Moreover, there is no equivalent to Him and no likeness to Him because He is perfect in all aspects.

He (Glory be to Him) is “Al-Witr” in His worship (Uloohiyyah) who Alone deserves to be worshiped because He is the Rabb of everything.

“That is Allah, your Lord; there is no deity except Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is Disposer of all things.” (Surah An’am 6:102)

Abu ‘Abbas Al-Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “Witr refers to tawheed (Oneness and uniqueness of Allah in all aspects) which means that Allah (Praise be to Him) is One in His Essence, Perfection, and in His actions. And He loves tawheed, meaning besides having faith in the created beings the creation itself must believe in His monotheism and practice it.” (Al Mufham 7/18)

Unlike His Creations He (Glory be to Him) is eternal; there is no beginning or end for Him.

Allah “Al-Witr” is alone unlike all creatures because apart from Him (Praise be to Him) everything is in pair. The creation cannot survive without each other while there is Honor and Praise in Allah’s Oneness.

“[He is] Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He does not have a companion and He created all things? And He is, of all things, Knowing.” (6:101)

“The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in the wombs). There is nothing like unto Him,” (Ash-Shu’araa: 11)

“And We created you in pairs.” (An-Nabaa: 08)

Now, remember the very first mentioned hadith? The last part of the hadith states that “Allah loves witr”, this sign of His love can be seen in His Sharia’h (legislation). For example: the odd number of reciting athkar, the odd number of days in the Creation of the heavens and the earth, the odd number of daily prayers, the odd number of pieces of shroud for the dead, circumambulation, etc. The beloved Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Sunnah was in odd numbers as well, like the eating of dates in the morning, reciting istighfar 3 times after every obligatory prayer and many more .

However, we are much familiar with the “Salat al-Witr”. Allah’s messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allah is single (witr) and loves what is single, so observe the witr, you who follow the Qur’an.” (Sunan Abu Dawud)

Since it is an odd prayer, it should not be performed like the Maghrib prayer.

It was narrated from Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Witr is Haqq. Whoever wishes let him pray Witr with five (Rak’ah), and whoever wishes let him pray Witr with three (Rak’ah), and whoever wishes let him pray Witr with one (Rak’ah).” (Ibn Majah: Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1190)

Lastly, an effect that this Name “Al-Witr” has on the believer is the apparent love of Tawheed in every ‘Ibadah (worship) he/she performs. It eases the heart of a believer by knowing that he is never alone, Allah the almighty is with him.

We hope that you enjoyed exploring the profound meaning of this Name.

Maliha Rahmat

 

Al-Hakeem, Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim

Be it misery or delight, disease or health, blessing or misfortune, we are told that there is Allah’s (Glory be to Him) Hikmah (wisdom) behind it because He is Al-Hakeem. It is one of the frequently occurred Names in the Qur’an. Let us learn more about this Name, than just a meaning.

Al-Hakeem occurred 94 times, Al-Hakam 114, and Al-Haakim 5 times. Derived from same the root word Ha-ka-ma, these three Names mean the following: to prevent or restrain from falsehood and ignorance, to be Wise, to put in order, to pass judgment, to judge, and pass a verdict. The difference between them is in the grammatical functions (noun/verb). It also means to put things in an appropriate place and time.

He (Glory be to Him) completed His Shar’iah with His ultimate knowledge and wisdom. He knows who is eligible for his kindness and favors. His commandments and judgments are with wisdom and equity. “Is not Allah the most just of judges?” (Surah At-Teen, 8)

His orders rule over all other false orders. Whatever hurdles and trials we face have wisdom behind them. Behind everything is a result and wisdom. Allah (Glory be to Him) mends affairs of everyone’s’ to His Order with hikmah (wisdom).

“To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Whether you show what is within yourselves or conceal it, Allah will bring you to account for it. Then He will forgive whom He wills and punish whom He wills, and Allah is over all things competent.” (Al-Baqarah, 284)

Two types of hikmah (wisdom) of Allah (Glory be to Him) that is apparent:

  1. Hikmah in His Creation:

Allah’s creation, big or small, was created in truth. He created a perfect structure to live their lives, He did not leave them helpless, and made their goals.

“We did not create them except in truth, but most of them do not know.” (Ad-Dukhan, 39)

Nothing is created in vain; the creation is created for which it is qualified. He (Praise be to Him) carries out the order of the world with His hikmah (wisdom).

“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” (Adh-Dhariyaat, 56)

He (Glory be to Him) created everything in the best stature, (At-Teen, 4), suited to their purpose. The birds have wings to fly; humans have fingers to perform multiple tasks, etc.

  1. Hikmah in His laws:

Allah (Glory be to Him) has revealed His shari’ah through His messengers (peace be upon them all) and His books revealed to them, and the hikmah (wisdom) behind the revelation is to let us know who The Creator is and how we must worship Him alone as He willed. Allah (Praise be to Him) called this Qur’an as “Hakeem” in Surah Ya-Sin: “By the Qur’an, full of wisdom,” meaning, Al-Muhkam (perfect) which falsehood cannot come to from before it or behind it. (Tafseer ibn Katheer)

“Alif, Lam, Ra. [This is] a Book whose verses are perfected and then presented in detail from [one who is] Wise and Acquainted.” (Surah Hud, 1)

Learning about such a beautiful Name surely fills the heart of believer full of Eemaan (faith) and much more:

  1. Believing that all of the Commandments revealed by Allah (Glory be to Him) have no participant in it. In addition, upon Him is the final judgment, makes a believer content.

“And he said, “O my sons, do not enter from one gate but enter from different gates; and I cannot avail you against [the decree of] Allah at all. The decision is only for Allah; upon Him I have relied, and upon Him let those who would rely [indeed] rely.” (Surah Yusuf, 67)

  1. These laws should be accepted whether we like it or not. However, for those who follow them there is honor and glory.
  2. Believing in Allah’s ultimate wisdom makes a believer thankful and he is patient when in affliction.

“And He is the subjugator (Al-Qaahir) over His servants. And He is the Wise, the Acquainted [with all].”  (Surah Al-An’am, 18)

  1. Allah grants wisdom to whomever He wills.

“He gives wisdom to whom He wills, and whoever has been given wisdom has certainly been given much good. And none will remember except those of understanding.” (Surah Al-Baqarah, 262)

“And when Joseph reached maturity, We gave him judgment and knowledge. And thus We reward the doers of good.” (Surah Yusuf, 22)

Making right decisions at the right moments is also a part of hikmah (wisdom).

  1. The Prophets (peace be upon them all) were given wisdom and were commanded to call people with wisdom.

“Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best. Indeed, your Lord is most knowing of who has strayed from His way, and He is most knowing of who is [rightly] guided.” (Surah An-Nahl,125)

Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that Luqman al-Hakim made his will and counseled his son, saying, “My son! Sit with the learned men and keep close to them. Allah gives life to the hearts with the light of wisdom as Allah gives life to the dead earth with the abundant rain of the sky.” (Muwatta Malik: Book 59, Hadith 1859)

Al-Qaahir and Al-Qahhar Pt2

In the last session, we looked upon the linguistic and Islamic definitions of the names Al-Qaahir and Al-Qahhar.

(To review part one, follow this link: http://aateam.org/blog/al-qaahir-and-al-qahhar/)

The greatness of Al-Qaahir Al-Qahhar:

  1. Nothing can go outside the knowledge and Dominance of Allah (Praise be to Him). His Creation is submissive in His commandments.

“Not a leaf falls but that He knows it.” (Surah An’am, 59)

  1. Allah the almighty gives life whenever and to whomever He wills and gives death to whenever and whomever He (Glory be to Him) wills. He provides riches of this world to whomever and whenever He wills, likewise holds His bounties from whoever and whenever He wills.

“His is the dominion of the heavens and earth. He gives life and causes death, and He is over all things competent.” (Surah Hadid, 2)

  1. None can rule over Him; none can get out of His (Praise be to Him) decree (taqdeer), none can deny His planning (tadbeer), and none can bypass His Command.
  2. Human intelligence is defeated against reaching Allah’s self-Sufficiency and Commandments; all eyes are humbled before the light of Allah’s Glory.
  3. Sheikh Nasir as-Sa’di says regarding the name Al-Qahhar:

“Allah’s Uloohiyah (Oneness in Worship) has been solidified…there cannot be two subduers under Dominance…” (Tafseer As-Sa’di, Surah Saad, 65)

Effects of the names Al-Qaahir Al-Qahhar on the believers:

  1. A believer on learning this name develops humility and modesty towards Allah (Glory be to Him).
  2. When a believer earns of Allah’s Qahar he receives honor and elevation from the polytheists.
  3. Truth becomes evident.
  4. ‘Uqba said: He knows better; so far as I am concerned, I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: A group of people from my Umma will continue to fight in obedience to the Command of Allah, remaining dominant over their enemies. Those who will oppose them shall not do them any harm. They will remain ill this condition until the Hour overtakes them.

Al-Qaahir and Al-Qahhar

al qaahir al qahhar

Welcome back to the session of Asma was Sifaat! Until now we have taken the Names of Allah which resulted in instilling love for Him. But love isn’t enough for the believer as worship require fear, love, and hope:

“…And invoke Him in fear and aspiration…”

(Surah al-A’raf: 56)

The Name Al-Qaahir has occurred twice in the Qur’an whereas Al-Qahhar has occurred six times. Linguistically, they both mean Dominance, Highness, to conquer, to prevail, to subdue, subjugate, and
to compel against one’s wishes. However, the following chart will show you the subtle difference between the two:

Al-Qaahir Al-Qahhar
He is the One who prevails over all His creation. Al-Qahhar is the superlative form of Al-Qaahir.
His Prevalence over His creation differs from every person to person. His Dominance is Glorifying that has no count to it.
The degree of His Dominance is on the same level as the degree of His Excellency. He is the One before whom everyone, including tyrants (Pharoah, Hamaan, Qaaroon, etc.), are humbled.
“And He is (Al-Qaahir) the subjugator over His servants. And He is the Wise, the Acquainted [with all].” (Surah al-An’am: 18)

 

“[It will be] on the Day the earth will be replaced by another earth, and the heavens [as well], and all creatures will come out before Allah, the One, (AL-Qahhar) the Prevailing.” (Surah al-Ibrahim: 48)

 

 

According to the Shara’ee (Islamic) meaning, Al-Qaahir al-Qahhar has the following meaning:

  • The One who controls everything that all are subservient and helpless in front of His supreme Greatness.
  • The One who prevails over the skies and the lands. The angels, Sun, Moon and whatever dwells in the heavens are His subservient in following His Commands. And the dwellers of Land is subservient in worshipping Him alone.
  • He is the Highest by realm, place, power, dominance, and essence.
  • He is the Subjugator even upon those who deny Him. He is the only One who is worthy of worship.
  • He is the Prevalent who will gather all so that He establish the scale (meezan) with justice and truth.

“The Day they come forth nothing concerning them will be concealed from Allah. To whom belongs [all] sovereignty this Day? To Allah, the One, the Prevailing.” (Surah al-Ghafir: 16)

This is not the end of our pondering on these two names. In the next session, we will discuss about its effects on our iman and more, inshAllah.

 

 

 

Al-Jabbar 2

Learning Allah’s Names and Attributes to merely count them on our fingers is not ideal, rather they must affect us, and we should worship Allah through them. They should be a means of making us closer to Allah, and attaining His Pleasure and rewards.

The Name Al-Jabbar is often mistaken to refer to ‘The Compeller, The Irresistible’ and the Name is seldom used. However, here are a few ways which this Name of Allah can be used.

  1. Allah Al-Jabbar reforms the broken-hearts and binds up wounds, reinstates love in the hearts of people for each other and improves their social and financial conditions. Call on Allah to mend your affairs.
  2. He (Glory be to Him) provides His Creation what is needed for their survival. Al-Jabbar created us poor and dependent, then awarded provision through sources considerably. He brings comfort to the weak and to those who turn to Him and seek His refuge.
  3. He the All-Mighty is dominant over all Creation, in His Essence and Attribute. Nothing happens except with the permission of Allah (Glory be to Him), none can intercede in His Command and none can ease trials. None can harm Him nor profit Him.

“He it is who gives life and causes death; and when He decrees a matter, He but says to it, “Be,” and it is.” (Surah al-Ghafir: 68)

  1. We mention this Name in every Salah:

“Between the two prostrations, the Prophet would say: (Allahummaghfir li, warhamni, wajburni, wahdini, warzuqni).’O Allah! Pardon me, have mercy on me, help me, guide me, and grant me sustenance.'” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi 284)

  1. Lastly, the best way to call Allah with this Name is:

“Ya Jabbar, Aj-burni” (O Jabbar, improve my circumstances).

Maliha Rahmat, AAT