You are almost at the conclusion of your pilgrimage, you have performed most of the rites, and now all that is left are the rites of the days of Tashreeq and the farewell Tawaf
Throughout our journey, through these series, we have learnt the nomenclature of different days of Hajj, so let’s come to the last of these terms-“Tashreeq”
The days of tashreeq refer to the 11th, 12th and 13th days of Dhul Hijjah.
After the completion of the Ifadah (Going-Forth) Tawaf, it is obligatory for a pilgrim to return to Mina on the Feast Day and to spend the night there, as
Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that al-‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) sought permission from Allah’s Messenger ﷺ to spend in Makkah the nights (which be was required to spend) at Mina on account of his office of supplier of water, and he (the Holy Prophet) granted him permission).
Thus, a pilgrim’s to spend the night of that day at Mina, remaining there for three nights if he is not in a hurry Otherwise, if a pilgrim is in a hurry, he may stay there only for two nights: the eleventh and the twelfth of Dhul Hijjah. At that time, a pilgrim is to shorten all the prayers without combining them; each prayer is to be performed at its due time.
Now to the rites of the days of Tashreeq
A pilgrim has to throw pebbles at each of the three Jamarahs of Mina on each of the Days of Tashreeq.
When I was child, I used to hear these ridiculous notions of the Satan being tied to these pillars and hence we should perform the stoning ritual with great vehemence so as to cause as much suffering to these imbeciles as possible.
Nevertheless as I grew up, these fanciful ideas were washed away by the tides of knowledge.
So here’s the question, what’s the story behind the stoning ritual after all?
Understand that by throwing pebbles at the Jimaar (pillars), the pilgrim is reminded of implementing religious commands, achieving servitude and following the Sunnah, and not questioning the wisdom of the Shari’ah that the mind cannot comprehend. Even though you may differ it is true that our minds do have limited capacity!
The aim is also to imitate Ibrahim (peace be upon him), when Iblees (may Allah curse him) appeared to him in that place to instil confusion in his mind or tempt him to sin, and Allah commanded him to throw stones at him so as to drive him away and dash his hopes.
Now some of our friends with distracted minds may think that the satan appeared to Ibrahim and he saw him and that is why he stoned him, but as for me, the satan did not appear to me, then why should I perform the stoning ritual. you may imagine that there is nothing good in this ritual and that it is like playing, so why should you bother with it? It should be noted that this thought is from the satan and that he is the one who is putting it into your mind, so as to slow you down when you are throwing.
Expel him from your mind with a serious attitude and determination to throw the pebbles despite his whispers.
Remember that while you are outwardly throwing pebbles at al-‘Aqabah, but in fact nothing annoys the satan more except your obeying the command of Allah out of veneration for Him, simply because of His command, and the soul and mind have nothing to do with it.
Rulings of stoning
- The appointed time for throwing the pebbles on the days of Tashreeq:
Throwing pebbles is to be performed when the sun declines (i.e. at noon), and it is inappropriate to throw the pebbles before this time as Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:
Moreover, Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said:
This shows that the Prophet and his Companions used to observe the appropriate time for throwing pebbles, so pilgrims should follow in the Prophet’s footsteps, as he ﷺ said:
All acts of worship must be performed at the time specified by the Prophet ﷺ in his Sunnah. For example, prayer has specific times at which it is to be performed; otherwise, it is impermissible. Likewise, throwing the pebbles has to be performed at the times specified by the Prophet ﷺ.
Furthermore one should not get confused regarding the time for throwing on the day of the sacrifice (10th day of Dhul Hijjah), wherein we only stone Jamarah Al Aqabah and the time for this day extends from Sunrise to sunset.
- Throwing the pebbles before mid-day:
Shaykh Ibn Baaz, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “It is not permissible to throw the pebbles on the eleventh day, the twelfth, and the thirteenth before midday, as the Prophet ﷺ only threw the pebbles after mid-day, and he told people to:
The fact that the Prophet, ﷺ, delayed throwing the pebbles until this time in spite of the extreme heat, leaving the beginning of the day when it is cooler and easier, is evidence that it is not permissible before this time.”
- The order of throwing the pebbles at the Jamarah
A pilgrim should throw seven consecutive pebbles at each Jam rah, raising his hands upon each throw and sayings Allahu-Akbar (i.e. Allah is the Greatest). In addition, each pebble should be thrown into the throwing place (the fenced area surrounding the pillar) whether it settles or not after falling inside; it is insufficient if a pebble falls outside it, and another pebble has to be thrown in compensation.
- Prolonging invocation at the Jamaraat is Sunnah:
It is Sunnah to prolong invocation after stoning the Jamrah Sughra and Wusta.
Whenever Allah’s Messenger ﷺ stoned the Jamarah near Mina Mosque, he would do Ramy of it with seven small pebbles and say Takbir on throwing each pebble. Then he would go ahead and stand facing the Qiblah with his hands raised, and invoke (Allah) and he sued to stand for a long period. Then he would come to the second Jamrah (Al-Wusta) and stone it will seven small stones, reciting Takbir on throwing each stone. Then he would stand facing the Qiblah with raised hands to invoke (Allah). Then he would come to the Jamarah near the ‘Aqaba (Jamarat-ul-‘Aqaba) and do Ramy of it with seven small pebbles, reciting Takbir on throwing each stone. He then would leave and not stay by it.
With the busy crowds the pilgrim can make invocation wherever it is possible and more humbling for him.
- Appointing someone to throw the pebbles on your behalf:
- The ones who can appoint somebody on their behalf are the ill, elderly and incapable or pregnant woman who fears for her child, or the young child…etc.
- A person should not throw pebbles for someone else unless they have appointed them by speech, such as saying: “throw pebbles for me” or by action, such as giving the person pebbles to throw on their behalf.
- The one throwing on behalf of someone must be a pilgrim. It is not permissible to appoint workers who are non-pilgrims for instance.
- The one throwing on someone’s behalf must throw seven pebbles for himself first and then for the person who appointed him at the Jamrah Sughra and then does the same for the Wusta and ‘Aqabah. In other words, he is not obligated to stone all jamarahs firstly for himself then return to the First Jamarah to start stoning on behalf of the other pilgrim, as this will be very difficult and exhausting due to the huge throngs.
- If the person appointed does not throw the pebbles without having a valid excuse, then he must repent and inform the one who appointed him. The one who appointed him must offer a sacrifice for not completing the stoning and he can demand the value of the sacrifice from the person he appointed on his behalf as he was the reason for this.
- The one who appoints someone to throw the pebbles on his behalf should not start the farewell Tawaf until he has ensured that his stoning has been completed.
Some rulings concerning the stoning of the Jamaraat:
Having finished stoning on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah, a pilgrim is free either to return to Makkah before sunset or to spend the night (of the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah) in Mina, and throw pebbles at the three Jamarahs on the following day, the thirteenth, after the sun declines (at noon).
Yet, the latter choice is better, as Allah, Exalted be He, says:
.. Then whoever hastens [his departure] in two days – there is no sin upon him; and whoever delays [until the third) – there is no sin upon him -for him who fears Allah…”
(Qur’an: Al-Baqarah: 203)
On the twelfth of Dhul-Hijjah, if the sun sets while a pilgrim is still in Mina, then he must spend the night there and do the pebble throwing on the 13th day as well before sunset.
If a female pilgrim has menstruated or has a postpartum period after or before assuming ihram she remains in her ihram. She can perform all the rites of Hajj as other pilgrims do, such as standing at ‘Arafah, spending the night at Muzdalifah, throwing the pebbles, and spending the nights at Mina.
Still, it is impermissible for her in such cases to perform Tawaf or sa’y unless she purifies herself from the state of major ritual impurity. However, if she has menstruated after performing Tawaf it is permissible for her to perform sa‘y, as ritual purity is not a prerequisite for sa‘y.
If a pilgrim desires to return to his home country or elsewhere after finishing all the rites of Hajj and prepared for traveling, just before leaving Makkah he has to perform the Farewell Tawaf so as to be the last thing done in Makkah.
Again, a menstruating pilgrim is exempted from performing the Farewell Tawaf, so she can travel without doing it, as Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:
The people (i.e. pilgrims) were commanded (by the Prophet) to perform the Farewell Tawaf around the House (the Ka’bah) as the last thing to do before leaving (Makkah), yet menstruating women were exempted.”
(Related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
He also narrated that when the Prophet ﷺ saw the pilgrims departing from Makkah, he ﷺ said to them:
None amongst you should depart until he performs the Farewell Tawaf around the House (i.e. the Ka‘bah) as the last thing to do (at Makkah).
(Related by Imama Ahmad, Muslim, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah)
Moreover, Ibn Abbas narrated:
The Prophet gave permission to menstruating women to depart from (Makkah) without performing the Farewell Tawaf around the House (i.e. the Ka’bah) provided that they have already performed the Ifadah (Going-forth) Tawaf
(Related by lmam Ahmad)
Furthermore, ‘A’ishah (the Prophet’s wife, May Allah be pleased with her) narrated:
Safiyyah Bint Huyayy menstruated after performing the Ifadah Tawaf so I made a mention of her menses to Allah’s Messenger ﷺ, whereupon he remarked, ‘Well, then she will detain us.’ I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, she has performed the Ifadah Tawaf and circumambulated the House, and it was after that when she menstruated.’ Thereupon, he ﷺ said, If so, then she may depart.
(Related by Al-Bukhârì and Muslim)
Now I know that this may seem frustrating to some men but remember that in these cases, Hajj displays the chivalry of men when it comes to taking care of their women and being patient with them, even when she is on her menses and are thus delayed or must return because of her. This is following the way of the Prophet ﷺ
However some women who are shy to inform their guardians that they are on their menses can fall into forbidden (acts) and it can result in complicated rulings and so this matter should be clear and treated with gentleness and patience.
With this my patient readers we come to the conclusion of the rituals of the day of Tashreeq and with the rituals of Hajj as well.
I pray that Allah accept our efforts and help us and accept our Hajj