Tag Archives: child

The Obligation of Hajj

When we are asked the meaning of Hajj, pilgrimage is usually the first word that pops up in our mind, but we need to recognize the difference between meanings/definitions and translations

Pilgrimage is the translation of Hajj in English, but Hajj in itself is defined as intention

Yes surprisingly enough Hajj also means intention, so the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most High in Surah Al’ Imran (97) is the intention to visit the House of Allah.

فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۖ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

(Aal Imran, 3:97)

“In it are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Abraham. And whoever enters it shall be safe. And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves – then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.”

It has been said that Hajj is an obligatory act but as a species who claim to have intelligence, we require proofs and evidences for any statement made, so here are the proofs that mandate Hajj obligatory:

1.

فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۖ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ 

(Aal-Imran, 3:97)

In it are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Abraham. And whoever enters it shall be safe. And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves – then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds

وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لِلَّهِ ۚ     

(Al-Baqarah, 2:196)

And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of the Prophet) The Hajj and ‘Umrah (i.e.the pilgrimage to Makkah)

  1. It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Messenger of Allah stood up and said:

Allah, Most High, has decreed Hajj for you. Al-Aqra’ bin Habis At-Tamimi said: “Every year, O Messenger of Allah?” But he remained silent, then he said: “If I said yes, it would become obligatory, then you would not hear and obey. Rather it is just one Hajj.”

  1. Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):

  1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ).
  2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.
  3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity).
  4. To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca)
  5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan

All these evidences indicate to the fact that Hajj is indeed obligatory. It is obligatory to perform it once, anything more is voluntary

Now that we have established the fact that Hajj is an obligation, let us now see on whom is it obligatory, is it obligatory for all the Muslims or are there some specifics that need to be highlighted.

There are five conditions that make Hajj obligatory on a person:

1 – Being Muslim

This applies to all acts of worship, because worship done by a kaafir is not valid.

2 and 3 – being of sound mind and being an adult

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“The pen is lifted from three [and does not record their deeds]: from one who is sleeping, until he wakes up; from a child until he reaches puberty, and from one who is insane until he comes to his senses.”

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4403; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.

So a child is not obliged to perform Hajj, but if his parents take him for Hajj, his Hajj is valid; the child will have the reward of Hajj and his parents will also have a reward, because when a woman lifted up a child and asked, “Is there Hajj for this one?” the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Yes, and you will have the reward.” Narrated by Muslim

4 – Being free

Hajj is not obligatory for a slave, because he is distracted by his duties towards his master.

5 – Being able to do it

This includes being able both physically and financially.

What is meant by being physically able is that one is sound in body and can bear the hardship of travelling to the sacred House of Allah.

What is meant by being financially able is that a person should have surplus funds that are sufficient for doing Hajj after paying off debts and taking care of shar’i obligations and basic needs

If a person is physically and financially able to do Hajj, then he is obliged to hasten to do Hajj.

  • If he is not physically and financially able, or if he is physically able but he is poor and has no wealth, then he is not obliged to do Hajj.
  • If a person is financially able but he is not physically able, then we look at the matter further.
  • If his problem is something that he hopes will disappear, such as a sickness from which he hopes to recover, then he should wait until Allah heals him, then do Hajj.
  • If his problem is one for which there is no hope that it will disappear, such as a person with cancer or an old person who cannot do Hajj, then he has to appoint someone to do Hajj on his behalf, and the duty to perform Hajj is not waived because of his physical inability if he is financially able.

The evidence for that is the report narrated by Bukhari (1513) according to which a woman said:

“O Messenger of Allah, Allah’s command to the people to perform Hajj has come when my father is an old man and cannot sit firmly in the saddle. Can I perform Hajj on his behalf?” He said: “Yes.”

Therefore, in this article we have now learnt that Hajj is obligatory and then have learnt on whom it is obligatory. In Sha Allah in our next article we shall look into the benefits and virtues of Hajj.

Refer to https://islamqa.info/en/41957 for more insight on those whom Hajj is obligatory on
Click on the ahadith to know their references

Merciful to the Young

pbuh

The greatest teacher to walk the face of the earth, Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him has taught us many lessons, amongst them is mercifulness to our youth.

Sadly, many of our youth have taken to the streets seeking comfort and friendship, and have become rejected by the older generations. Why do we create this barrier? There should be harmony between our eldest and our youngest and all those in between.

Anas said, “Rasoolullah used to associate with us and joke. I had a younger brother. Rasoolullah said to him, “Aba Umayr, what happened to the Nughayr (A pet nightingale, with which he used to play)?” (Shama’il Muhammadiyya)

The Prophet paid attention to the seemingly trivial pet of a child. This compassion of our Prophet worked wonders on the hearts, and it is with this kindness that he was able to secure the love and devotion of his followers. This was the character of our Prophet, and though he was a on an important mission, and nothing could distract him from attaining his goals of teaching people about Allah, amidst all the pressure and troubles he faced, he still found a moment to connect with the youth. He took the time out to let the younger generation know that he was there for them as well.

Narrated `Aisha,A bedouin came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said, “You (people) kiss the boys! We don’t kiss them.” The Prophet said, “I cannot put mercy in your heart after Allah has taken it away from it.” (Bukhari)

The censure of the Prophet in this regard is seemingly harsh, but not without reason. Disdaining the youth has its consequences; many times such youth become involved with the wrong group, some take to drugs, others to sinful relationships, and others leave Islam thinking that it is Islam that has placed these severe restrictions on the relationship between the youth and elderly. In truth, it is our ignorance that has caused us to dismiss the youth as useless; incapable of understanding, and a bother.

In the time of the Prophet, the youth used to sit with him, and engage with him. They had the utmost respect for him, but that did not restrict them from enjoying his blessed company. His kindness knew no limits, for is there anything as ‘too kind”? Except that such a person is exceedingly well-mannered? Such was our beloved Prophet peace and blessings be upon him.

‘Amr bin Shu’aib (May Allah be pleased with him) on the authority of his father who heard it from his father reported: The Messenger of Allah said: “He is not one of us who shows no mercy to younger ones and does not acknowledge the honour due to our elders”. [At- Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud]

The Prophet went as far as taking the youth into his care. He allied with the orphans, accepted the responsibility of personally mentoring the young Anas bin Malik, he brought up Zaid ibn Harithah in his household, took care of Ali ibn Abdul Muttalib, and allowed his grandchildren to play on his back while he prayed. The youth would follow him, tend to him, and copy him in what he did, and in turn he would pray for them, pat them on the shoulders, smile at them and treat them with mercy. How many more examples of the Prophet’s kindness to the youth do we need before we begin to emulate him in this respect?

One last point to mention; the Prophet did not engage in frivolity with the youth. Rather he gave them a sense of direction, by taking the time to advise them and instruct them. One such example can be learnt from the hadith of Ibn Abbas who was only about 13 years old at the time. Ibn Abbas narrates,

One day I was riding behind the Prophet (on the same mount) when he said, “O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice]: Be mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, then ask Allah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah [alone]. And know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with what Allah had already prescribed for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would not harm you except with what Allah had already prescribed against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.”’ (Tirmidhi)

Imagine engraining such powerful poignant words in the mind of a youth, whose mind is fresh, and spirit-ful, it will only nurture it with purity and encouragement towards the good. Entrusting these heavy but carefully chosen words to the youth will open their minds to the possibilities that lie in wait for them in regards to their deen, and will make them feel valued, trusted and worthy. And it is true, for Ibn Abbas grew up to be a great, well-respected and remembered Mufassir.

I ask you, what excuse do we have when we exclude the youth? To invite the youth into our circles is an opportunity to offer them solutions to their problems, to share with them the guidance of our Messenger and to bring them back to the glory of Islam. Our youth are the Champions of Islam, they should be at the forefront, for they are full of energy, vigour, and inspiration.

Bibi Zainab Dolwut