Tag Archives: children

The Obligation of Hajj

When we are asked the meaning of Hajj, pilgrimage is usually the first word that pops up in our mind, but we need to recognize the difference between meanings/definitions and translations

Pilgrimage is the translation of Hajj in English, but Hajj in itself is defined as intention

Yes surprisingly enough Hajj also means intention, so the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most High in Surah Al’ Imran (97) is the intention to visit the House of Allah.

فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۖ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

(Aal Imran, 3:97)

“In it are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Abraham. And whoever enters it shall be safe. And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves – then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds.”

It has been said that Hajj is an obligatory act but as a species who claim to have intelligence, we require proofs and evidences for any statement made, so here are the proofs that mandate Hajj obligatory:

1.

فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَّقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۖ وَمَن دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ 

(Aal-Imran, 3:97)

In it are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Abraham. And whoever enters it shall be safe. And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves – then indeed, Allah is free from need of the worlds

وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لِلَّهِ ۚ     

(Al-Baqarah, 2:196)

And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of the Prophet) The Hajj and ‘Umrah (i.e.the pilgrimage to Makkah)

  1. It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Messenger of Allah stood up and said:

Allah, Most High, has decreed Hajj for you. Al-Aqra’ bin Habis At-Tamimi said: “Every year, O Messenger of Allah?” But he remained silent, then he said: “If I said yes, it would become obligatory, then you would not hear and obey. Rather it is just one Hajj.”

  1. Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):

  1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ).
  2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.
  3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity).
  4. To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca)
  5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan

All these evidences indicate to the fact that Hajj is indeed obligatory. It is obligatory to perform it once, anything more is voluntary

Now that we have established the fact that Hajj is an obligation, let us now see on whom is it obligatory, is it obligatory for all the Muslims or are there some specifics that need to be highlighted.

There are five conditions that make Hajj obligatory on a person:

1 – Being Muslim

This applies to all acts of worship, because worship done by a kaafir is not valid.

2 and 3 – being of sound mind and being an adult

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“The pen is lifted from three [and does not record their deeds]: from one who is sleeping, until he wakes up; from a child until he reaches puberty, and from one who is insane until he comes to his senses.”

Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4403; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.

So a child is not obliged to perform Hajj, but if his parents take him for Hajj, his Hajj is valid; the child will have the reward of Hajj and his parents will also have a reward, because when a woman lifted up a child and asked, “Is there Hajj for this one?” the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Yes, and you will have the reward.” Narrated by Muslim

4 – Being free

Hajj is not obligatory for a slave, because he is distracted by his duties towards his master.

5 – Being able to do it

This includes being able both physically and financially.

What is meant by being physically able is that one is sound in body and can bear the hardship of travelling to the sacred House of Allah.

What is meant by being financially able is that a person should have surplus funds that are sufficient for doing Hajj after paying off debts and taking care of shar’i obligations and basic needs

If a person is physically and financially able to do Hajj, then he is obliged to hasten to do Hajj.

  • If he is not physically and financially able, or if he is physically able but he is poor and has no wealth, then he is not obliged to do Hajj.
  • If a person is financially able but he is not physically able, then we look at the matter further.
  • If his problem is something that he hopes will disappear, such as a sickness from which he hopes to recover, then he should wait until Allah heals him, then do Hajj.
  • If his problem is one for which there is no hope that it will disappear, such as a person with cancer or an old person who cannot do Hajj, then he has to appoint someone to do Hajj on his behalf, and the duty to perform Hajj is not waived because of his physical inability if he is financially able.

The evidence for that is the report narrated by Bukhari (1513) according to which a woman said:

“O Messenger of Allah, Allah’s command to the people to perform Hajj has come when my father is an old man and cannot sit firmly in the saddle. Can I perform Hajj on his behalf?” He said: “Yes.”

Therefore, in this article we have now learnt that Hajj is obligatory and then have learnt on whom it is obligatory. In Sha Allah in our next article we shall look into the benefits and virtues of Hajj.

Refer to https://islamqa.info/en/41957 for more insight on those whom Hajj is obligatory on
Click on the ahadith to know their references

Al-Warith

“And indeed, it is We who give life and cause death, and We are the Inheritor.” (Surah al-Hijr: 23)

The Name “Al-Warith” occurred three times in the Qur’an; all in the plural form. Linguistically, “Al-Warith” means an heir, inheritor, owner, sustainer, and survivor. The general usage of the word “inheritor” means a person who receives estate of another after death which legally wasn’t in his/her. How is Allah “the Inheritor”?

Allah “Al-Warith” is the Only One who remains after everything perishes in the heavens and the earth. He is the Successor who has/had no predecessor.  He is, and has always been, the Owner of Everything which He bequeaths.  When He blesses us with life and sustenance, we return to Him leaving both (death). Allah (Glory be to Him) is the best Inheritor.

  • Allah (Praise be to Him) inherits from His bounties to whomever He wills and to whomever He loves:

“Moses said to his people, “Seek help through Allah and be patient. Indeed, the earth belongs to Allah. He causes to inherit it whom He wills of His servants. And the [best] outcome is for the righteous.” (Surah al-A’raaf: 128)

  • He (Glory be to Him) makes His true believers inheritors over the disbelievers in this life and the hereafter:

“And He caused you to inherit their land and their homes and their properties and a land which you have not trodden. And ever is Allah, over all things, competent.” (Surah al-Ahzab: 27)

  • He (Glory be to Him) chose amongst them inheritors of His Books though we have differences in levels, conditions, etc., but everyone got their part of the Books’ inheritance:

“Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chosen of Our servants; and among them is he who wrongs himself, and among them is he who is moderate, and among them is he who is foremost in good deeds by permission of Allah. That [inheritance] is what is the great bounty.” (Surah Fatir: 32)

Dear readers, let’s talk about inheritance of money about which Allah (Praise be to Him) says: “Your wealth and your children are but a trial…” (Surah at-Taghabun: 15)

Allah “Al-Warith” inspires the believers to spend his/her wealth in the cause of Allah (Glory be to Him) granted to you and made you His representatives:

“Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made you successors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward.”  (Surah al-Hadid: 8)

Prophet Zakariyyah (may peace be upon him) asked Allah (Praise be to Him) for an heir when his wife was barren, and the result of his sincerity was as follows in the aayah:

“And [mention] Zakariyyah, when he called to his Lord, “My Lord, do not leave me alone [with no heir], while you are the best of inheritors.” So We responded to him, and We gave to him Yahya (John), and amended for him his wife. Indeed, they used to hasten to good deeds and supplicate Us in hope and fear, and they were to Us humbly submissive.”

It should also be noted that Prophets (peace be upon them all) never supplicated an heir for wealth but rather for inheritors of knowledge and Da’wah (calling towards Allah). Allah “Al-Warith” is the only One who makes us the successor and the predecessor of each other.

We also need to beware of the consequence of heedlessness towards what has been temporarily inherited to us because He (Glory Be to Him) says:

“And how many a city have We destroyed that was insolent in its [way of] living, and those are their dwellings which have not been inhabited after them except briefly. And it is We who were the inheritors.” (Surah al-Qasas: 58)

“Indeed, it is We who will inherit the earth and whoever is on it, and to Us they will be returned.” (Surah Mariam: 40)

In the above aayah, Allah “Al-Warith” warns every being who became heedless in this worldly life that this life will soon be separated from him.  Allah is informing that He is the Creator, the Owner and the Controller of all matters. All of the creation will be destroyed and only He, the Most High and Most Holy, will remain. There is no one who can claim absolute ownership and control of affairs besides Him. He is the Inheritor of all His creation. He is the Eternal, Who will remain after they are gone and He is the Judge of their affairs. Therefore, no soul will be done any injustice, nor wronged even the weight of a mosquito or an atom. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer)

Having learnt about the greatness of Allah’s Name “Al-Warith”, a believer develops the following characteristics:

  1. A believer acknowledges his good deeds as only true inheritance.

“That is Paradise, which We give as inheritance to those of Our servants who were fearing of Allah.” (Surah Mariam: 63)

  1. He also constantly fears Allah (Glory be to Him) in the issues of rights of inheritance and does not nor will do injustice to his/her inheritors.
  2. The only thing Prophets (May peace and blessings be upon them all) bequeathed knowledge, thus a believer embraces the circles of true knowledge.
  3. A believer always hopes that Allah (Praise be to Him) grants him/her progeny and never grieves if that favor hasn’t been granted anytime. He/she should supplicate: “My Lord, grant me [a child] from among the righteous.” (Rabbī hablī min as-Sāliheen)

“O Allah, give me pleasure in my hearing and my sight, and make it the inheritor from me, and aid me against whoever oppresses me, and take vengeance from him for me (Allāhumma matti`nī bisam`ī wa baṣarī waj`alhumal-wāritha minnī, wanṣurnī `alā man yaẓlimunī, wa khudh minhu bitha’rī)” (Jami’ at-Tirmidhi: 3604)

 

 

 

The Apple of Daddy’s Eye

kids

Crawling on their tiny feet, their voices bubbling with laughter, their shining innocent eyes beseeching their mothers, the apple of their daddies eyes, a piece of mommy’s heart, a child is indeed a huge blessing from Allah.

As I look around, I see mamas buying tiny frocks filled with spark, sequin and glitter, daddy buying toys and cars, all smiling with sheer delight as their child frolics around.

True is said, when one says that bearing patience is no feat, but imagine the surmount patience required when the coolness of one’s eye, when their child beloved galore is taken away.

Allah is indeed Ar- Raheem (the Most Merciful), Al Wudood (The Most Loving) and He knows the excruciating pain that a parent goes through at the loss of their child and so he has guaranteed Paradise for such a parent as long as he bears this trial, (for definitely this can be called a trial and one of the greatest calamities in fact) with patience, In Sha Allah.

Al-Tirmidhi (942) narrated that Abu Sinaan said: “I buried my son Sinaan and Abu Talhah al-Khoolaani was sitting at the graveside. When I wanted to go out he took my hand and said, “Shall I not give you some glad tidings, O Abu Sinaan?” I said, “Yes.” He said, “Al-Dahhaak ibn ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Arzab narrated to me from Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When a person’s child dies, Allah says to His angels, ‘You have taken the child of My slave.’ They say, ‘Yes.’ He says, ‘You have taken the apple of his eye.’ They say, ‘Yes.’ He says, ‘What did My slave say?’ They say, ‘He praised you and said “Innaa lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’oon (Verily to Allah we belong and unto Him is our return).’ Allah says, ‘Build for My slave a house in Paradise and call it the house of praise.’’
Furthermore, The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said “There is no women amongst you whom has three of her children die before her except that they will be a barrier for her from hell fire” A women then asked the Messenger “and even two?” and He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied “and even two” [Classed as Sahih by Sh Al-Albaani]

These ahaadeeth explain that if two or more of a person’s children die and he bears that with patience, then he is promised Paradise and salvation from the Fire.

Our Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) taught us a du’aa’ to say at times of calamity, in which there is virtue and great reward.

inna-lillahi

 

Also, remember that indeed Allah loves As-Saabiroon (the patient)”
[Aal ‘Imraan 3:146]

We ask Allah to bless such a tested parent with patience in the face of their loss, and to compensate them with something better. And Allah knows best.

Bint Ayesha
AAT, Writer

Merciful to the Young

pbuh

The greatest teacher to walk the face of the earth, Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him has taught us many lessons, amongst them is mercifulness to our youth.

Sadly, many of our youth have taken to the streets seeking comfort and friendship, and have become rejected by the older generations. Why do we create this barrier? There should be harmony between our eldest and our youngest and all those in between.

Anas said, “Rasoolullah used to associate with us and joke. I had a younger brother. Rasoolullah said to him, “Aba Umayr, what happened to the Nughayr (A pet nightingale, with which he used to play)?” (Shama’il Muhammadiyya)

The Prophet paid attention to the seemingly trivial pet of a child. This compassion of our Prophet worked wonders on the hearts, and it is with this kindness that he was able to secure the love and devotion of his followers. This was the character of our Prophet, and though he was a on an important mission, and nothing could distract him from attaining his goals of teaching people about Allah, amidst all the pressure and troubles he faced, he still found a moment to connect with the youth. He took the time out to let the younger generation know that he was there for them as well.

Narrated `Aisha,A bedouin came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said, “You (people) kiss the boys! We don’t kiss them.” The Prophet said, “I cannot put mercy in your heart after Allah has taken it away from it.” (Bukhari)

The censure of the Prophet in this regard is seemingly harsh, but not without reason. Disdaining the youth has its consequences; many times such youth become involved with the wrong group, some take to drugs, others to sinful relationships, and others leave Islam thinking that it is Islam that has placed these severe restrictions on the relationship between the youth and elderly. In truth, it is our ignorance that has caused us to dismiss the youth as useless; incapable of understanding, and a bother.

In the time of the Prophet, the youth used to sit with him, and engage with him. They had the utmost respect for him, but that did not restrict them from enjoying his blessed company. His kindness knew no limits, for is there anything as ‘too kind”? Except that such a person is exceedingly well-mannered? Such was our beloved Prophet peace and blessings be upon him.

‘Amr bin Shu’aib (May Allah be pleased with him) on the authority of his father who heard it from his father reported: The Messenger of Allah said: “He is not one of us who shows no mercy to younger ones and does not acknowledge the honour due to our elders”. [At- Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud]

The Prophet went as far as taking the youth into his care. He allied with the orphans, accepted the responsibility of personally mentoring the young Anas bin Malik, he brought up Zaid ibn Harithah in his household, took care of Ali ibn Abdul Muttalib, and allowed his grandchildren to play on his back while he prayed. The youth would follow him, tend to him, and copy him in what he did, and in turn he would pray for them, pat them on the shoulders, smile at them and treat them with mercy. How many more examples of the Prophet’s kindness to the youth do we need before we begin to emulate him in this respect?

One last point to mention; the Prophet did not engage in frivolity with the youth. Rather he gave them a sense of direction, by taking the time to advise them and instruct them. One such example can be learnt from the hadith of Ibn Abbas who was only about 13 years old at the time. Ibn Abbas narrates,

One day I was riding behind the Prophet (on the same mount) when he said, “O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice]: Be mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, then ask Allah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah [alone]. And know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with what Allah had already prescribed for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would not harm you except with what Allah had already prescribed against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.”’ (Tirmidhi)

Imagine engraining such powerful poignant words in the mind of a youth, whose mind is fresh, and spirit-ful, it will only nurture it with purity and encouragement towards the good. Entrusting these heavy but carefully chosen words to the youth will open their minds to the possibilities that lie in wait for them in regards to their deen, and will make them feel valued, trusted and worthy. And it is true, for Ibn Abbas grew up to be a great, well-respected and remembered Mufassir.

I ask you, what excuse do we have when we exclude the youth? To invite the youth into our circles is an opportunity to offer them solutions to their problems, to share with them the guidance of our Messenger and to bring them back to the glory of Islam. Our youth are the Champions of Islam, they should be at the forefront, for they are full of energy, vigour, and inspiration.

Bibi Zainab Dolwut