Tag Archives: ihram

Ihram

Although clichéd, it truly is the best way to begin with…So here we go:

As we have studied in the article titled “Components of Hajj” we know that Ihram is the first pillar of Hajj, therefore common sense dictates us to realize that our first step for performing Hajj would be to assume Ihram.

In the previous article, we already discussed the sites wherein Ihram has to be assumed from, so In Sha Allah in this article we shall see how is Ihram assumed.

Now, most probably, most of you may already know how to do this, but I still urge you to continue reading, not only because I want you to read this article, written by yours truly, but also, maybe just maybe, you may come across something that you weren’t aware of, and reading an Islamic article is always beneficial. Think about the 101 times you spent reading the lamest jokes ever witnessed on planet Earth! Remember reading this with the correct intention will enable you to get ajar In Sha Allah.

Now, enough with the lecturing and now to the topic of interest:

When we think about Ihram, the first picture that floods our minds are that of white unstitched clothes (something which I used to unfortunately think of as large towels when I was young…) However, ihram does not mean donning on unstitched white clothes, rather this is one of the actions that one does to assume Ihram. Ihram is the ritual consecration either during Hajj or Umrah and is defined as the “intention” to start the rites.

Ihram is derived from the Arabic word “haram,” which means “forbidden” or “prohibited.” Now I am certain we don’t need really need Mr. Sherlock Holmes to conjecture that it is so named because there are certain acts that are prohibited in the state of Ihram, although they are permissible when not in Ihram, we shall mention those actions in a while.

الْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَّعْلُومَاتٌ ۚ فَمَن فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ فَلَا رَفَثَ وَلَا فُسُوقَ وَلَا جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ ۗ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ يَعْلَمْهُ اللَّهُ ۗ وَتَزَوَّدُوا فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَىٰ ۚ وَاتَّقُونِ يَا أُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ

“Hajj is [during] well-known months, so whoever has made Hajj obligatory upon himself therein [by entering the state of ihram], there is [to be for him] no sexual relations and no disobedience and no disputing during Hajj. And whatever good you do – Allah knows it. And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is fear of Allah. And fear Me, O you of understanding.” (Al-Baqarah, 2:197)

Now it is important to realize that there are certain pre-requisites for assuming Ihram. To illustrate this Shaykhul- Islam Ibn Taiymiyyah said:

A man is not considered in a state of Ihram once he intends, with his heart, to perform Hajj, for the intention is already in his heart since he has left his hometown (heading for Makkah). So there must be specific words or deeds through which he becomes in a state of Ihram.”

There are mainly 4 pre-requisites before assuming Ihram:

By fulfilling the aforesaid prerequisites, a pilgrim is thus prepared to be in a state of Ihram, but such acts themselves are not called Ihram as many people mistakenly believe. Thus, a pilgrim is not considered to be in a state of Ihram just by wearing the aforementioned clothing of Ihram without having the intention of starting performing the rites of Hajj or Umrah.

As for a female Muhrim, she may wear whatever cloth she likes black or any other color, so long as she avoids wanton display (tabarruj) or clothes of fame and vanity such as tight, see-through, short, thin or decorated clothes. Women must also be careful to avoid clothes that resemble the clothes of men or the kuffaar.
However, she isn’t permitted to wear a burqa (a veil that covers the face and has 2 eyeholes for vision). In this case, the lady covers her face with other things such as a khimar (shawl like clothing that covers the head and shoulders) and a gown.
Moreover the female Muhrim shouldn’t wear gloves

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: Riders would pass us when we accompanied the Messenger of Allah (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Him) while we were in the sacred state (wearing ihram). When they came by us, one of us would let down her outer garment from her head over her face, and when they had passed on, we would have uncover our faces.

A pilgrim is free to choose either of the 3 kinds of Ihram

Steps of Assuming Ihram:

  1. The intention:
    The intention for Ihram is made in the heart, and accompanied by the following wordings:

  • The one who is performing Hajj or Umrah on behalf of someone else should say: “Labbayka an Fulaan” (I am here at the service of so and so) and if he has forgotten their name, he can say “for the one who assigned me.”
  1. If one fears that he or she will not complete the Umrah or Hajj due to illness, he should say:

Allaahumma mahillee haithu habastanee.

O Allah, my place is wherever you prevent me.

  • The benefit of making this condition upon entering the state of Ihram is that if the person is unable to complete his Hajj then he can discontinue (leave the state of Ihram) and he does not have to expiate for it, there is no recommendatory sacrifice due upon him and there is no sin on him.
  • It is not lawful for the pilgrim to make a condition unless he fears that something will prevent him from completing the ritual
  • Making a condition is done when entering the state of Ihram and it must be uttered, as merely having the intention does not suffice.
  • It is not permissible to make the condition a long period after entering the state of Ihram.
  1. Then he should stand facing the Qiblah and say

اللَّهُمَّ حِجَّةٌ لاَ رِيَاءَ فِيهَا وَلاَ سُمْعَة ‏‏
“Allaahumma haadhihi hijjah laa riyaa’a fiha wa la sum’ah
(O Allah, this is a pilgrimage in which there is no showing off or seeking reputation).”

The Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Him), was reciting this: “O Allah make this Hajj one that has no show or fame.”

  1. Then he should chant the Talbiyah.
  • The virtue of saying the talbiyah is indeed great as we derive form the following hadith:

Sahl bin Sa’d narrated that: The Messenger of Allah said:
“There is no Muslim who says the Talbiyah except that – on his right and left, until the end of the land, from here to there – the rocks, or trees, or mud say the Talbiyah.”

It will be chanted by everything on his right and his left, especially when he ascends or descends somewhere

  • What the Talbiyah means is responding to Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, because the word “labbayk” means: I am responding to You. He should continue reciting the Talbiyah until he begins the tawaaf of umrah
  • And the one saying the Talbiyah is ORDERED to raise his voice with it, as the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Him) said:

“Jibreel came to me and ordered me to order my companions and those with me to raise their voices with Talbiyah

A woman should recite in such a manner that those who are beside her can hear it, unless there is a man beside her who is not one of her mahrams, in which case she should recite it silently.

  • The muhrim (person who has entered Ihram) should recite the Talbiyah a great deal, especially when circumstances and times change, such as when going up to a high place or going down to a low place, or when night or day begin
  • The one performing Umrah should discontinue the Talbiyah when starting Tawaaf (circumambulating the Ka’bah) and the pilgrim should stop before throwing pebbles at Jamrat Al-‘Aqabah.

The Talbiyah is:

Labbaik allaahumma labbaik labbaika laa shareeka laka labbaik innal hamda wan ni’mata laka wal mulka laa shareeka laka

Here I am O Allah, here I am, there is no partner for You, here I am, Verily all praise is for You, and every bounty is from You, and all dominion is Yours – You have no partner.

And now finally to the last topic of this article. I am aware that this article was extremely long, but Ihram is a long topic, so please be patient and may Allah reward you in quest of knowledge.

The last thing that we shall be talking about are the acts that are forbidden in Ihram,

Abstaining from the actions that are unlawful during Ihram is a form of honoring Allah’s sacred ordinances, some of these include:

And with this we come to our long awaited conclusion

I applaud all those who have reached it till here and pray to Allah that he rewards you abundantly for your patience and earnestness.

Watch out for the next article in the Hajj series.

Meeqats of Hajj

As we all know and agree “there is a time and place for everything,” hence there are certain times for Hajj and certain sites for entering into Hajj.

In the previous article we have briefly outlined the steps of Hajj, in this and in the subsequent articles we shall go into depth and properly understand each step In Sha Allah.

Don’t worry, when I say depth I don’t mean a dive into the ocean, galore with is currents and tides, I shall to the best of my ability explain it in as a simplified a manner as possible In Sha Allah

The times specified for Hajj are: Shawwal, Dhul-Qa’dah and the first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah.

The way for entering into Hajj is by assuming Ihram, now Ihram can’t be assumed just anywhere, there are specific places where Ihram can be assumed and these places are referred to as “Meeqats”

Now before a parasitic idea leads to a culmination of silly thoughts and you may start wondering why do such regulations exist and why can’t we assume Ihram just from anywhere, I will answer your question with a request.

Retrospection! I am going to ask you to “retrospect” on yourselves and pull from the well of your memories, your last recollection of a party or a marriage that you may have attended. Now I don’t really know about you, but back from where I am from, a marriage is celebrated nothing less than a banquet party to the imperial place of a King. Brand new clothes, oh! A shower is a must, and visits to beauty parlors more or less a necessity.

Just think of the extent to which we glorify such occasions and places, yet can there be any other place more glorified than the Ka’bah.

The House of Allah, being so glorified and honored by Allah, is fortified by Allah through Makkah and protected by the Sanctuary of Makkah, which in turn, is glorified by those Meeqats beyond which one cannot pass without being in a state of Ihram (when he wishes to perform Hajj and Umrah) as a sign of honor and glorification to the House of Allah.

Anyways, so that now we comprehend the reasons for the Meeqats, let us now finally promulgate the Meeqats

There are mainly 5 Meeqats for assuming Ihram

  1. Dhul-Hulayfah (now known as Abyar `Aly): It is the prescribed Meeqat for the people of Madinah and those who travel via the direction of Madinah.

 

  1. Al-Juhfah: It is the prescribed Meeqat for the people of the Levant (the region covering Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Palestine), Egypt, Morocco and those who travel via their route.
  2. Yalamlam (Al-Sa`diyyah): It is the prescribed Meeqat for the people of Yemen and those who travel via their route.

  1. Qarn Al-Manazil (Al-Sayl Al-Kabir): It is the prescribed Meeqat for the people of Najd and the people of east and those who travel via their route.

  1. Dhat `Irq: It is the prescribed Meeqat for the people of Iraq and those who travel via their route

 

  • Whoever passes by one of these meeqats, intending to do Hajj or Umrah has to enter Ihram from that point. If he lives within the boundary of the meeqats, then he should enter Ihram from where he is.
  • It is important to mention that Muslims are required to assume Ihram from the proper site for Ihram for them, not specifically from the mosques therein. Many pilgrims mistakenly believe that they have to assume Ihram from the mosques in the Meeqats, as a result, many pilgrims from both the gender, hurry to such mosques, overcrowding and jamming them, this is completely baseless. The pilgrim can assume Ihram wherever is appropriate for them in the sites of the Meeqats. It should be pointed out that those mosques were not built during the lifetime of the Prophet, and that when built wasn’t built for the purpose of assuming Ihram solely
  • The people of Makkah should enter Ihram for Hajj offered on its own or for Hajj and Umrah offered together (qiraan) from Makkah, and they do not have to go outside the Haram or to one of the other meeqaats mentioned
    In the case of Umrah offered on its own, the one who wants to enter Ihram and is already in Makkah or within the boundaries of the Haram has to go outside the Haram – to al-Tan’eem or elsewhere – and enter Ihram from there. This was the view of the majority of scholars.
  • Jeddah is not a meeqaat for Hajj or Umrah, except for its citizens and residents, and for those who come to it for a reason other than Hajj or Umrah, then decide to go for Hajj or Umrah.
  • If there is no meeqaat on a person’s route, he should enter Ihram when he comes in line with the nearest place to it, whether he is coming by land, by sea or by air

The evidence for entering Ihram from a point that is in line with the meeqaat is the report narrated by al-Bukhaari (1458) from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:
When these two cities – meaning Kufa and Basrah – were conquered, they came to ‘Umar and said, “O Ameer al-Mu’mineen, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) defined the meeqaat for the people of Najd as being Qarn, but it is out of our way, and if we want to go to Qarn it is too difficult for us.” He said, “Look for a place on your route that is in line with it,” and he defined Dhaat ‘Irq for them (as their meeqaat).

Look for a place that is in line with it” means find a place that is parallel with the meeqaat and make that your meeqaat.

  • Airplane passengers should enter Ihram when they come in line with the meeqaat or, to be on the safe side, before they reach it, so that they will not pass it before entering Ihram. Whoever enters Ihram after passing the meeqaat has to offer a sacrifice, and Allah knows best.
    It should be noted that it is not Sunnah to enter Ihram before reaching the meeqaat, because this is not what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did, and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). But if a person is in a plane and cannot stop at the place that is in line with the meeqaat, then he may do what he thinks is more on the safe side so that he will not pass the meeqaat without being in Ihram.

However, the passengers should be prepared before getting on board the plane by ritual bathing and cleaning, afterwards when the plane reaches a place that is parallel to any of the aforesaid sites for Ihram, they should declare the intention of Ihram ad chant the talbiyah in the plane.

  • Whoever passes the meeqaat without entering Ihram has to go back and enter Ihram from that point.
    If he got off the plane in Jeddah, then he has to take a car to the meeqaat of the people of Najd and enter Ihram from there. If he enters Ihram from Jeddah and he is intending to do Hajj or Umrah, then he has to offer a sacrifice as expiation for passing the meeqaat (without entering Ihram).

Therefore, dear brothers and sisters, please take an interest and be careful regarding your Meeqats, when we are already spending time, effort and money on our pilgrimage, why not try to the best of our efforts to do it perfectly, many Hajjis who travel from aboard wrongly assume Jeddah to be their meeqats, but this is completely false.

It is necessary that we all be aware of the sites of Meeqats and indeed ignorance and mistakes made due to ignorance can be battled by knowledge, so therefore it is essential that seek proper and correct knowledge

In Sha Allah, in our next article we shall study how to assume Ihram

Note: Although the pictures placed in the article are those of the mosques in the meeqats, it is important to note that pilgrims aren’t supposed to assume Ihram from only these mosques as explained above

Also further clarity regarding the meeqat for the people of Makkah read for https://islamqa.info/en/32845