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Components of Hajj

In this article we shall try to understand the pillars and obligatory actions of Hajj. In the subsequent articles we shall go into details regarding the actions performed on each day In Sha Allah.

The essential parts of Hajj are four, the obligatory actions are seven and everything other than the essential parts and obligatory actions is Sunnah.

The Pillars of Hajj are four: 

Before we commence with the obligatory actions of Hajj, I would like to briefly describe our movements and the places that we go to in accordance to the days.

The obligatory actions of Hajj are seven:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As we will learn in detail later on, Hajj is of 3 types, Tamattu’, Qiraan and Ifraad. If the pilgrim is doing tamattu‘ (‘umrah followed by Hajj, exiting ihram in between) or qiraan (‘umrah followed by Hajj without exiting ihram in between), then he must offer a sacrifice (by slaughtering a sheep), because Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

“whosoever performs the ‘Umrah in the months of Hajj, before (performing) the Hajj, (i.e. Hajj-at-Tamattu‘ and Al-Qiran), he must slaughter a Hady such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should observe Saum (fasts) three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return (to his home), making ten days in all. This is for him whose family is not present at Al-Masjid-al-Haram (i.e. non-resident of Makkah)” [al-Baqarah 2:196].

The rest of the actions and words of Hajj are Sunnah, such as tawaaf al-qudoom, staying overnight in Mina the night before ‘Arafah, idtibaa‘ [uncovering the right shoulder from the beginning of tawaaf until the end, by placing the middle of the rida’ (upper garment) beneath the right armpit and the ends of the rida’ over the left shoulder], walking at a rapid pace [when doing so is recommended], kissing the Black Stone, reciting the adhkaar and du‘aa’s, and climbing as-Safa and al-Marwah.

The difference between an essential part, an obligatory action and a Sunnah action is that Hajj is not valid without an essential part, whereas if an obligatory act is omitted, Hajj is still valid, but the one who omits it must offer a compensatory sacrifice (a sheep), according to the majority of scholars. As for Sunnah actions, the one who omits them does not have to do anything.

In the next articles In Sha Allah we will go in details of the steps of Hajj

The Hajj Series

There is indeed a vast multitude of religions that the Earth witnesses, however, most of these creeds hold a common denominator in the term pilgrimage!

Yes pilgrimage! The Buddhists perform pilgrimage in Bodh Gaya etc. the Hindus in Kumbh Mela etc. the Jews’ make pilgrimage to the western wall of the temple Mount, and of course Muslims perform Hajj, but have you wondered from where did the concept of pilgrimage originate from? Well read on!

If you’ll introspect you’ll certainly notice many concepts found in Islam also found in several other religions, such as zam zam rechristened as Holy water in Christianity, the Qorbanot in Judaism which basically translates to animal sacrifice which ahem is also “surprisingly” found in Islam…

Well, the list could go on and on, it truly could, however, since the theme of this article isn’t the similarity of Islamic concepts to other religions, I shall leave it to your common sense and rationality to cognize the origins or so to speak imitations of these religious concepts; for indeed it is only the true religion that can be imitated and never vice versa.

Well now, before my dear readers feel the urge to leave this article incompletely read, I shall with haste now come to the subject matter of this article

As most of my intelligent readers may have already conjectured, it is indeed Hajj that I wish to talk about.

With Hajj not far away, the proper knowledge of Hajj is definitely the most sought after topic presently.

Regardless, you may have read countless of articles on the topic and as I felt really lost as to what/how to write on a topic now so clichéd by time, it struck to me to write accurately and with complete authenticity a proper series on this topic that shall endeavor to suitably explain the steps, importance and everything that you may need to know about Hajj In Sha Allah

Your complete instruction manual In Sha Allah

After all, for most of us, Hajj is only once in a life time enterprise, we definitely have to take steps that we put in our best efforts to perform it.

And as common sense dictates, actions cannot be achieved without knowledge, so let us now embark on our quest to learn the A-Z of Hajj In Sha Allah

Keep your eyes peeled out for the next article wherein we will highlight the importance of Hajj and on whom is it obligatory upon!

May Allah accept our endeavors ya Rabb!

Bint Ayesha, AAT