Tag Archives: wudhu

Hygiene Inventions

Cleanliness is a part of faith and Islam lays great importance on cleanliness and hygiene. Wudu, using the siwak, etc. are all a part of Islamic practices to keep us clean and tidy. Personal cleanliness and cleanliness of the surrounding is emphasized for example; when we pray, an important condition for Salah, is a clean place. The Muslims knowing the importance of cleanliness have contributed a great deal to the present hygienic practices and objects of the world during the golden age, so let us read about some of them.

  1. Al- Jazari wrote a book called The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices which included robotic wudhu machines, which resembles the current water taps. What you had to do is tap the head to make water pour in eight short spurts, which was enough for one to do Wudhu.
  2. They made soaps by mixing olive oil with al-qali (salt like substance), it was boiled and then left to harden.
  3. Al-Zahrawi in his medical book Al-Tasrif dedicated a complete chapter to cosmetics called The Medicines of Beauty. He described beautification of hair, skin, teeth whitening and gum strengthening all within the boundaries of Islam.
  4. Al-Zahrawi included nasal sprays, mouthwashes, and hand creams, perfumed sticks rolled and pressed similar to roll-on deodorants.
  5. He also named medicated cosmetics like hair-removing sticks, as well as hair dyes and lotions for straightening curly hair.
  6. He also discussed benefits of suntan lotions.
  7. Al-Kindi wrote a book on perfumes which contained hundred recipes for fragrant oils, salves, aromatic waters, and substitutes or imitations of costly drugs.
  8. Muslim chemists also distilled plants and flowers, making perfumes and substances for therapeutic pharmacy.

These processes and ideas of the Muslims filtered into Europe via merchants, travelers, and the Crusaders.

Now we know the forebearers of hygienic practices and innovations!

 

Sunan of Sleeping

sleep

There are various Sunan to be done before sleeping, many of which are forgotten or neglected, due to the fatigue felt at the end of a long day. Some, have invented replacements, and innovations have become the norm. However, the true Sunan are in place for our benefit; an opportunity to safeguard ourselves and earn Allah’s rewards and pleasure.

  • Perform Wudhu or ensure you are in a state of Wudhu

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When you go to bed, do wudhu as for prayer.” (Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim)

  • Dust off your bed:

Abu Hurayrah said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When one of you goes to his bed, let him dust off his bed with the inside of his lower garment, for he does not know what came onto it after he left it.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

  • Lie down on your right side:

It is reported that the Prophet used sleep on his right side, putting his right hand under his right cheek

  • Recite the various athkar: There are various athkaar which the prophet used to recite before sleeping. Learn what is easy for you, and do what you are able to,

 

Allaahumma bismika ahyaa wa amoot” (Bukhari)

O Allah, in Your name I live and die.

Allaahumma qini ‘adhaabaka yawma tab’ath ‘ibaadaka”

O Allah, protect me from Your punishment on the Day You resurrect Your slaves.

“Bismika Rabbee wada’tu janbi wa bika arfa’uhu wa in amsakta nafsi farhamhaa wa in arsaltahaa fahfazhaa bimaa tuhfaz bihi ‘ibaadika al-saaliheen” (Bukhari and Muslim)

In Your name, my Lord, I lie down, and in Your name I rise. If You should take my soul then have mercy on it, and if You should return my soul then protect it as You protect Your righteous slaves.

Al-hamdu Lillaah alladhi at’amanaa wa saqaanaa wa kafaanaa wa aawanaa fakam mimman laa kaafi lahu wa laa mu’wi” (Muslim)

All praise is for Allah, Who fed us and gave us to drink, and Who is sufficient for us and has sheltered us, for how many have none to suffice them or shelter them.

 “Allaahumma Rabb al-samawaati wa’l-ard wa Rabb al-‘arsh il-‘azeem, Rabbaanaa wa Rabba kulli shay’in, Faaliq al-habb wa’l-nawa wa munzil al-Tawraati wa’l-Injeeli wa’l-Furqaan, a’oodhu bika min sharri kulli shay’in anta aakhidhun bi naasiyatihi. Allaahumma anta al-awwal fa laysa qablaka shay’un, wa anta al-aakhir fa laysa ba’daka shay’un, wa anta al-zaahir fa laysa fawqaka shay’un wa anta al-baatin fa laysa doonaka shay’un. Iqdi ‘annaa al-dayna wa aghninaa min al-faqri” (Muslim)

O Allah, Lord of the seven heavens and the exalted Throne, our Lord and Lord of all things, splitter of the seed and the date-stone, Revealer of the Tawraat and the Injeel and the Furqaan [Qur’aan], I seek refuge in You from the evil of all things You shall seize by the forelock [have total mastery over]. O Allah, You are the First so there is nothing before You, and You are the Last so there is nothing after You. You are al-Zaahir [the greatest and highest] so there is nothing above You, and You are al-Baatin [aware of the subtlest secrets] so there is nothing closer than You. Settle our debt for us and spare us from poverty.

  • Reciting Tasbeeh, Tahmeed and Takbeer:

Ali ibn Abi Talib said that Fatimah came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and asked him for a servant. He said, “Shall I not tell you of something that is better for you than that? When you go to sleep, say ‘Subhaan Allaah’ thirty-three times, ‘Alhamdu Lillah’ thirty-three times, and ‘Allaahu akbar’ thirty four times.” (Bukhari)

  • Reciting Ayat Al-Kursi:

Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allah appointed me to guard the zakaah of Ramadaan, then someone came and started rummaging in the foodstuff … and at the end of the hadeeth he said: “When you go to your bed, recite Ayat al-Kursi, for there will remain with you a guardian from Allah, and no devil will approach you, until morning comes.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “He told you the truth although he is a liar. That was a devil.” (Bukhari)

  • Reciting the last the chapters of the Quran:

It was narrated from A’ishah that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) went to bed every night, he would hold his hands together and blow into them, and recite into them Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad, Qul a’oodhu bi rabb il-falaq and Qul a’oodhu bi rabb il-naas. Then he would wipe them over whatever he could of his body, starting with his head and face and the front of his body, and he would do that three times. (Bukhari)

  • Reciting Surah Kaafiroon:

It was narrated that Nawfal al-Ashja’i said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said to me: “Recite Qul yaa ayyuha’l-kaafiroon then go to sleep at the end of it, for it is a disavowal of shirk.” (Abu Dawood and Tirmidhi; classed as Hasan by Ibn Hajar and classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood)

  • Reciting the last two verses of Surah Baqarah:

Abu Mas’ood al-Ansari said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever recites the last two verses of Surat-al-Baqarah at night, they will suffice him.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn al-Qayyim said: They will suffice him against any evil that may harm him.

  • Reciting Surah Israa and Surah Zumar:

It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) would not go to sleep until he had recited Bani Israa’eel (Surat-ul-Isra) and Az-Zumar.”

(Tirmidhi said: it is a hasan hadeeth. Also classed as hasan by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in Nataa’ij al-Afkaar, and it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi)

  • Reciting Surah Sajdah, Surah Mulk and Surah Insan:

Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is a surah in the Qur’an, with thirty verses, which will intercede for its companion [the one who recites it] until he is forgiven: “Tabaarak allaadhi bi yadihi’l-mulk (Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion)” [Mulk, Surah 67] (Ibn Majah, Abu Dawud and Tirmidh, Hasan)

Abdullah ibn Mas’ood said: Whoever reads Tabaarak allaahi bi yadihi’l-mulk [i.e., Soorat al-Mulk] every night, Allah will protect him from the torment of the grave. At the time of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) we used to call it al-maani’ah (that which protects). In the Book of Allah it is a soorah which, whoever recites it every night has done very well.” (An-Nasa’i; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb)

Jaabir narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not sleep until he had recited “Alif‑Laam‑Meem. The revelation…” [Sajdah 32] and “Has there not been over man a period of time…” [al-Insaan 76] (Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi)

Following the Prophetic Sunnah will turn this act of necessity (i.e. sleeping) into an act of ‘ibadah thereby maximising the benefits of sleeping. The athkaar and duaas will prevent the Shaytaan from affecting you in your sleep. And should Allah take you in your sleep, you would have made your last a deed something which is pleasing to Allah.

It seems a long and daunting list of things to do when sleep hangs in your eyes…but turn it into a family night time routine for encouragement and do what you are capable of doing. For Allah will never burden a person beyond his scope.

May Allah help us to follow the Sunnah to the best of our abilities.

Nullifiers of Wudhu

wudhu

What breaks one’s wudhu? Seems an easy question, with an obvious answer… but nonetheless let us recap it.

The things that break wudhu are:

1 – Any discharge from the front or back passage (urine, stools, wind, etc.), except for wind emitted from a woman’s front passage – that does not break wudhu.

2 – Emission of urine or stools from anywhere other than the urethra or anus.

3 – Losing one’s mind, which may mean losing it altogether by losing one’s mental faculties, which is insanity, or by losing it temporarily for a certain length of time for some reason such as sleep, unconsciousness, intoxication, etc.

4 – Touching one’s private part, because of the hadeeth of Basrah bint Safwaan, who heard the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) say: “Whoever touches his private part, let him do wudhu.” (narrated by Abu Dawood, Saheeh by Sh Al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood)

5 – Eating camel meat, because of the hadeeth of Jaabir ibn Samurah, who said that a man asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), “Should we do wudhu after eating camel meat?” He said, “Yes.” (Narrated by Muslim, al-Hayd, 539).

6- It should be noted that touching a woman’s body does not break one’s wudhu, whether that is done with feelings of desire or otherwise, unless anything is emitted as a result of that touching.

(The above six points are from Al-Sharh al-Mumti’ by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 1, p. 219-250. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, vol. 5, p. 264)

7-Blood and bleeding: There is no evidence to suggest that blood invalidates one wudhu unless it be from a woman’s private part. Furthermore, there are occasions on which the sahabahs prayed despite being wounded and bleeding. One such example is the example of Abbad ibn Bishr as mentioned in Ibn Katheeer’s Al-Bidaya wan Nihaya. Whilst praying and reciting he was shot by an arrow. Abbad pulled out the arrow, and continued his prayer. He was shot twice more, both arrows squarely hitting Abbad. Abbad continued in his prayer, despite his pierced flesh until he fell into sujood and became weak.

8-Swearing: contrary to common misconception, swearing does not break Wudhu. However, it is recommended to perform wudhu after foul speech, whether it be swearing, backbiting or lying, but it is not obligatory. Wudhu expiates sins, and thus it is recommended so as to wash away the sins of foul speech.

9-Vomitting does not invalidate wudhu, and this is the most correct opinion for there is no solid or authentic evidence to suggest that it breaks wudhu.

To conclude there are five things which nullify one’s wudhu and they are; discharge from the front or back passage, passage of urine or stool, losing one’s mind, touching one’s private areas, and eating camel meat.

 

Etiquettes of Attending the Mosque

mosque

The mosques are once again filled. Sadly,  many who attend the mosque are not regular goers, and what’s worse, many are unaware of the etiquettes of praying in the mosque. Wonky lines, preceding the imam, praying away from the jama’ah, and chit chatting are all too common sights…such that it is almost embarrassing!

My dear brothers and sisters, Ramadaan is a time for spiritual upliftment, and hence salah is crucial tnow and after Ramdaan too! It should be one our focuses to maximise our rewards throughout the year. Easy, simple sunnahs if adhered to will warrant mountains of rewards…it doesn’t take a lot!

Let’s begin with the basics:

Please note for the sake of brevity, I have not mentioned all the relevant Ahadith that pertain to these issues.

  • Wudhu: Salah is not valid without wudhu. Ensure your wudhu is complete, and according to the Sunnah. Don’t forget to say Bismillah before beginning. Read the duaa upon completion for the extra ajr.
  • Awrah: wear adequate clothing to cover your awrah during the salah at all times, so that even if you bend, your back or legs (for sisters) are not exposed.
  • Avoid eating food with strong odours, such as onions and garlic before attending the mosque.
  • Enter the mosque with your right foot
  • Read the relevant duaa’s
  • Praying tahiyyatul-masjid: Upon entering the mosque, one should pray two units of prayer as ‘greeting the mosque,’ whether these be voluntary prayers or combine the intention with your obligatory prayer. (See Islamqa for more details)
  • Put Your shoes on the Racks: Shoes scattered on the floor not only look embarassingly untidy, but they are also a hazard.
  • Do not obstruct the entrances: the mosques are places of remembering Allah. Whilst making salam is permissible and encouraged do not hang around the entrances and exits or make mosque attendance a social gathering for idle talk, blocking others from entering and leaving
  • Do not raise your voices: When conversing in the mosque be mindful that others are praying, and that mosques are for the remembrance of Allah.
  • Fill up the first rows:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: The best rows for men are the first rows, and the worst ones the last ones, and the best rows for women are the last ones and the worst ones for them are the first ones. (Muslim)

If you are a woman in the women’s section of the mosque this does not mean that you pray right at the back, rather you fill up the first of the rows allocated for the sisters, which is behind the men. Furthermore, it is only polite to leave space for late comers in the back, so that they do inconvenience anyone by having to walk in front of one who is already praying.

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Complete the first row, then the next one, and if there is to be any incomplete row let it be the last row.” (Ahmad, An-Nisa’i, Abu Dawud, Saheeh by Sh Al-Albaani)

If worshipers leave the row in front of you, it is obligatory for you to fill that gap and connect the rows.

  • Make the rows straight: Each person should be in-line, none ahead and none behind.

Our Prophet commanded us, ‘Straighten your rows, for straightening the rows is part of perfecting the prayer.’ (Bukhari and Muslim)

  • Join shoulders to shoulders and feet to feet: Literally touch your feet with the person beside you. We are all one ummah, and this was a command from our Prophet.

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Make your rows straight, stand shoulder to shoulder and close the gaps, and do not resist your brothers’ hands. Do not leave any gaps for the Shaytaan. Whoever complete a row, Allah will reward him, and whoever breaks a row, Allah will forsake him. (Abu Dawood, An-Nasaa’i, Saheeh by Sh Al-Albaani)

Tip: Be careful not to inconvenience anyone by squashing them or stepping on their toes when trying to implement this Sunnah. The widest part of your body is your shoulders, therefore align your feet to the width of your shoulders when standing, automatically you will line up, joining with the person beside you without inconveniencing them.

  • Do not distract others: Distracting others by sitting ahead of the row, making a scene, reading Quran loudly, talking, laughing, crying etc., all deduct from the khushu (humility and concentration) of others and inconveniences them.
  • Sneezing: Be sure to cover your mouth, and do not reply ‘Yarhamukallah’ (May Allah have mercy on you) or anything else to one who has sneezed, for it interrupts the prayer and talking is impermissible during the prayer.
  • Coughing, yawning, burping and the like: cover your mouth and do not breath towards others. Burping is a big issue in Ramadaan, and sadly many worshippers are inconvenienced by horrible smells. (See more at http://aateam.org/blog/onions-and-garlic/)
  • There is no prayer once the iqamah is sounded: If a person enters the mosque and is praying the sunnah while the iqamah is called, then the best opinion in this case is that if he is in his second rak‘ah, he should shorten it, and if he is in the first rak‘ah, he should just break his prayer and enter the congregation with the Imam. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘If iqamah is called for the prayer then there is no prayer except the obligatory one.’  (Sahih Muslim)
  • The Imam is appointed to be followed: It is impermissible to anticipate the imam’s actions and precede him. The Prophet peace be upon him said, ‘“The imam is only appointed to be followed, so when he says takbeer, then say takbeer; when he bows, then bow (and do not bow until he bows), when he says ‘Sami’a Allahu liman hamidah’, then say ‘Allahumma rabbana lakal hamd’.” (Bukhari, Muslim and Abu Dawud)
  • Joining the Jama’ah and being in a row by yourself: The most correct view is that if there is a congregation, one should join in, as praying alone in a row is incorrect, and standing in the row is obligatory. Unless there is no room in the last row, then he is to begin a new row. To pull someone out from the last row to join you is incorrect, because it inconveniences him, makes him lose concentration in his prayer, and moves him from a better spot to a worse one (as the first rows have more reward), and it also breaks a row which is impermissible.
  • Children in the mosque: It is permissible for a child who has reached the age of discernment, which is the age of seven years, to stand in the row with adults during the congregational prayer. This is indicated by the report narrated by Bukhari from Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: I and an orphan in our house prayed behind the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and my mother Umm Sulaym (prayed) behind us.

It is also permissible for a parent to break their prayer to quieten their child if his or her cries are disturbing to the worshipers. Similarly, the imam is permitted to shorten the prayers if he hears a child’s cries.

These are just some basic guidelines for attending the mosque, and praying congregation, which if followed will create unity and sense of brotherhood/sisterhood. May Allah aid us in implementing the Sunnah to the best of our abilities. Ameen

 

 

 

Footsteps in Paradise

The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him ) called upon Bilal (May Allah be pleased with him) and said, “What did you do to deserve entering Paradise? For I have heard the rustling of your garment in front of me in Paradise.” He replied, “O Messenger of Allah! I have never called the Athaan except that I have prayed two units of prayer after it, and no impurity has ever happened to me except that I have made ablution after it.” Rasulullah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him) then said, “It is because of them.”
[Ibn Khuzaimah ~ Hadith Sahih]

We benefit from this hadith:

  • Bilal (May Allah be pleased with him) is from the people of paradise because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him) witnessed this for him whereby he heard his footsteps in paradise.
  • The virtue of praying two units of prayer after athan because this was one of the reasons that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him) heard Bilal’s (May Allah be pleased with him) steps in paradise.
  • The virtue of performing ablution after impurity.

And Allah Knows Best!

Whilst some of us yet struggle to read our nawafil properly, reading after every wudhu may seem like a big order, but then again Paradise is something that we truly need to work for.

And then there goes the saying Where there is a will, there is a way

Once we set it upon ourselves to do something and most importantly pray to Allah, Allah will help us
Furthermore, being in the month of Ramadan with distractions at its minimum, we can surely contrive to accomplish our goal

It is said that if we perform an act regularly for a month, it becomes second to nature and we then do it all around the year.

Then surely if we practice doing this deed regularly throughout a month, we can achieve to pray after every ablution all throughout the year by Allah’s help.

May Allah keep us steadfast!

Bint Ayesha

Writer, AAT